Current Affairs for NDA/CDS/AFCAT/Airforce X&Y Groups
News Analysis from THE HINDU (September 26, 2018)
1. A virtual visit to Indian Museum
Museum enthusiasts can now admire the rare collections of jewels, antiques, fossils, and biological specimens in India’s oldest and biggest museum without stirring out of their homes. Indian Museum in Kolkata, established in 1814, has made some of its prized possessions accessible online.
The initiative, titled ‘Online Exhibition: Rare & Precious Antiques from Indian Museum Kolkata Collection,’ has over 40 artefacts, with photographs and captions explaining their significance. These include an emerald bow ring of Shah Jahan, a golden goblet studded with precious stones that belonged to Jehangir, a terracotta vase from Baluchistan dating back to 4,000-3,000 BCE, and a third century crystal casket that is said to have contained the relics of the Buddha.
2. Legislators can practise law, says SC
The Supreme Court on Tuesday held that there was no bar on legislators doubling up as lawyers.
The judgment by a Bench of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices A.M. Khanwilkar and D.Y. Chandrachud comes as a great relief to many sitting MPs of both the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Congress, who are practising lawyers in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.
More importantly, the Supreme Court said there is no conflict of interest if the MPs are allowed to practise law in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts before the very judges they have power to impeach.
3. Grand plans for Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary
The Odisha government on Tuesday decided to celebrate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi for two years from October 2 this year.
The decision was taken at a meeting chaired by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the Secretariat here. He said people belonging to all sections of society will be involved in the anniversary celebrations in the State.
4. SC forms prison reforms panel
The Supreme Court on Tuesday formed a Committee on Prison Reforms chaired by former apex court judge, Justice Amitava Roy, to examine the various problems plaguing prisons in the country, from overcrowding to lack of legal advice to convicts to issues of remission and parole.
A Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur, S. Abdul Nazeer and Deepak Gupta appointed the Inspector General of Police, Bureau of Police Research and Development, and the Director General (Prisons) Tihar Jail as the panel’s members.
The judgment came on a letter from former Chief Justice of India R.C. Lahoti highlighting the overcrowding in prisons, unnatural deaths of prisoners, gross inadequacy of staff and the lack of trained staff.
5. TCS team wins BL corporate quiz
Bagging a prize money of ₹75,000, Team Chennai, represented by Bibin Babu and Jayakanthan R. from Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), won the 16th edition of The Cerebration BusinessLine Corporate Quiz 2018, held in on Saturday.
Team Kochi, represented by Ramdas and Jayanthi from Mikudu, a healthcare start-up, won the first runners up prize of ₹50,000, while Team Delhi, represented by Rohan Khanna and Aditya Bagri from Deloitte, took away the second runners up prize of ₹25,000.
The quiz was presented by Union Bank of India, in association with The Hindu BusinessLine and BSNL. The event was managed by WOOT Factor, while Quizworks took the mandate of being the quizzing partner, and News X the event and the television partner.
6. The five-time world chess champion remembers his highest and lowest moments
Viswanathan Anand is among India’s greatest sportspersons of all time. In 2000, he became the first Asian to win the World Chess Championship. He went on to lift the world title four more times. He is also one of the most durable champions in any sport. Last year, at 48, he won the World Rapid Chess Championship. His greatest contribution, however, is that he almost single-handedly turned India into one of the major powers in chess, by inspiring thousands of children to take up the mind sport as a career. On a pleasant morning at his residence in Chennai, he spoke about his extraordinary career, longevity, triumphs and defeats, and varied interests, including astronomy and books.
7. Ecological succession
This refers to the progressive changes that happen to the biological structure of an ecological community. Over time, there are changes that take place in the composition of species that constitute an ecological community. In the case of primary succession, a region that is uninhabited by any species gets occupied by a few species over a period of time. In other cases, a preexisting group of species is replaced by a new group of species, a process called secondary succession. As a general rule, it is believed that ecological communities move from possessing very little species diversity to a more stable state where they house an array of species.
8. Virat Kohli, Mirabai Chanu, Hima Das among others who received high honours
Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli, and weightlifter Saikhom Mirabai Chanu, the first Indian to win gold at the World Championships in more than two decades, received the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award on Tuesday, the highest sporting honour in the country.
Here is the full list of the awards given in various categories by President Ram Nath Kovind at the National Sports Awards.
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna 2018
|Name of the Sportsperson||Discipline|
Dronacharya Awards 2018
|Name of the Coach||Discipline|
|Subedar Chenanda Achaiah Kuttappa||Boxing|
|A. Srinivasa Rao||Table Tennis|
|Sukhdev Singh Pannu||Athletics|
|Clarence Lobo||Hockey (Life Time)|
|Tarak Sinha||Cricket (Life Time)|
|Jiwan Kumar Sharma||Judo (Life Time)|
|V.R. Beedu||Athletics (Life Time)|
Arjuna Awards 2018
|Name of the Sportsperson||Discipline|
|Subedar Jinson Johnson||Athletics|
|Nelakurthi Sikki Reddy||Badminton|
|Subedar Satish Kumar||Boxing|
|Col. Ravi Rathore||Polo|
|Manika Batra||Table Tennis|
|G. Sathiyan||Table Tennis|
Dhyan Chand Award 2018
|Name of the Sportsperson||Discipline|
|Bharat Kumar Chetri||Hockey|
|Chougale Dadu Dattatray||Wrestling|
Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar 2018
|Category||Name of the entity|
|Identification and Nurturing of Budding & Young Talent||Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited|
|Encouragement to Sports through Corporate Social Responsibility||JSW Sports|
|Sports for Development||Isha Outreach|
9. France offers Rafale’s naval version
Even as controversy rages in India over the purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets for the Air Force through an inter-governmental agreement, a French Admiral has made a pitch for the naval variant of the fighter to the Indian Navy.
The Indian Navy is on the look out for 57 carrier-borne multi-role fighter jets and a request for information was sent out last year for the same. It is expected to come out with an RFP (request for proposal) very soon.
Rear Admiral Gilles Boidevezi, in charge of the French Navy’s international relations wing, said here ahead of the Euronaval exhibition next month that the French and Indian Navies shared a strategic and operational military partnership and it would be good to have a partner use the same platform as them (the French) as it would make interoperability easier. “And, Rafale M (the naval variant) is an adaptable aircraft that can be integrated with any carrier. Recently, it conducted operations on a much bigger aircraft carrier of the U.S. Navy,” he said.
10. CJI Bench to hear plea against Gogoi elevation
A Supreme Court Bench led by Chief Justice Dipak Misra is scheduled to hear on September 26 a petition challenging the appointment of Justice Ranjan Gogoi as the next and 46th Chief Justice of India.
The petition filed by advocate R.P. Luthra in person was orally mentioned by him before Chief Justice Misra’s Bench on Tuesday for an urgent hearing. The main contention in the petition is that Justice Gogoi was one of the four senior most judges of the Supreme Court who held a press conference on January 12 about the selective allocation of sensitive cases by recent CJIs.
Advocate Luthra portrayed that as an “anti-institutional act” and said it was “no less than a sabotage”. He alleged that it was meant to “arouse public furore in the country in the names of certain internal differences in this court”.
Chief Justice Misra asked Mr. Luthra to hand over his mention memo to the court master. However, the cause list for Wednesday showed the petition to be listed before the CJI Bench.
11. DAC clears 1,000 engines for T-72 tanks
The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on Tuesday approved several amendments to the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP), 2016 to reduce timelines and streamline the process and also approved procurement of 1,000 engines for the Army’s T-72 tanks at an approximate cost of ₹2,300 crore.
“The T-72 tanks are of 1000 bhp to be procured under ‘Buy and Make’ category. Post transfer of technology, most of these engines will be manufactured by Ordnance Factories Board,” the Defence Ministry said in a statement.
The DAC approved doing away with bank guarantee for certain parameters.
12. Swedish Parliament ousts Prime Minister in vote of no-confidence
Sweden’s centre-right Opposition and the far right ousted Prime Minister Stefan Löfven in a vote of no-confidence on Tuesday, as the left and right blocs wrangle over who can form a new government after neither won a majority in September 9 elections.
Mr. Löfven’s departure was widely anticipated. The head of the Opposition four-party Alliance, Ulf Kristersson, has since election night insisted that he intends to try to form a government.
With neither bloc able to build a majority, the far-right, anti-immigration Sweden Democrats, which won almost 18% of votes in the election and is the country’s third-biggest party, has demanded that it be given influence over Swedish politics in exchange for its support in Parliament. But neither the left nor right has been willing to negotiate with the Sweden Democrats.
A total of 204 of 349 members of Parliament voted against Mr. Löfven , while 142 voted in favour.
The Speaker of Parliament, Andreas Norlen, will begin talks on Thursday with the leaders of the eight parties represented in Parliament to determine who is best placed to form the next government.
Mr. Norlen, a member of Mr. Kristersson’s Moderate Party, is widely expected to task Mr. Kristersson with the job.
Mr. Löfven will stay on as Prime Minister in a caretaker role until a new government is in place, which could take weeks.
13. EU announces legal entity to maintain business with Iran
The European Union (EU) said on Monday that its members would set up a payment system to allow oil companies and businesses to continue trading with Iran in a bid to evade U.S. sanctions.
Iran and the European Union (EU) announced their defiance towards U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration after high-level talks at the United Nations among the remaining members of the accord. They said in a statement that they were determined “to protect the freedom of their economic operators to pursue legitimate business with Iran”.
14. Aston Martin rolls out Vantage at ₹2.95 crore
Luxury sports car manufacturer Aston Martin, through its dealer Infinity Cars, has introduced its latest Vantage model in Mumbai at an ex-showroom price of ₹2.95 crore. This
car will soon be available in south and western Indian markets. Vantage is positioned between the entry level sports cars and the more expensive GT offerings. With this ‘affordable car’ Infinity
plans to sell 20 Aston
Martin cars this year, a top executive said.
15. Flipkart acquires Israel’s Upstream Commerce
Flipkart on Tuesday said that it had acquired Israel-based tech start-up Upstream Commerce. The company helps retailers grow sales and margins through real-time pricing and product assortment optimization, using predictive analytics and competitive intelligence tools. Flipkart declined to reveal the financial details. The acquisition is expected to give Flipkart an edge in the battle against Amazon.
16. Dhoni leads India for the 200th time in his characteristic fashion
As the Indian players warmed up before the toss on Tuesday, all but one wore India’s training apparel. Minutes later, when he dominated the team talk during the customary pre-match huddle, it was another indication.
The biggest give-away came five minutes before the toss when a member of the support staff handed him the team-sheet before he walked out to the middle for the flip of the coin. Mahendra Singh Dhoni had returned to lead India for the 200th time in ODIs.
17. Costantini decides not to renew his contract
Massimo Costantini, the name synonymous with the success of the Indian table tennis players in this year’s Commonwealth Games, World championship and Asian Games, has chosen not to renew his contract.
For the time being, the Italian has cited ‘personal reasons’ for not being able to extend his association with the Indian team.
Prior to his two-year contract from September 2016 following India’s disappointing show at Rio Olympics, Costantini was instrumental in the host winning a gold, a silver and three bronze medals in the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
This year, under Costantini, India’s haul was an unprecedented 10 medals at the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games. Significantly, India returned with at least a medal in each of the seven categories, including two team golds and a singles gold, for Manika Batra.
Thereafter, in the World team championship, Indian men exceeded all expectations by finishing tied 13th in what was its best ever performance till date.
18. Modric, ‘The Best’
Luka Modric ended Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi’s decade-long domination of football’s individual awards by being crowned FIFA’s Player-of-the-Year on Monday.
The Real Madrid and Croatia midfielder starred for both club and country as Madrid won a third straight Champions League, and he inspired Croatia to reach the World Cup final for the first time.
He beat Ronaldo and Liverpool’s Egyptian forward Mohamed Salah to the prize.
The winners: Player of the Year: Luka Modric (Croatia).
Puskas Award: Mohamed Salah (Egypt).
Best Coach: Didier Deschamps (France).
Best Goalkeeper: Thibaut Courtois (Belgium).
Best Women Player: Marta da Silva (Brazil).
Best Women Coach: Reynald Pedros (Lyon).
19. India ranks 158th in ‘human capital’ score
India ranks 158th in the world for its investments in education and health care, according to the first-ever scientific study ranking countries for their levels of investment in human capital. The nation is placed behind Sudan (ranked 157th) and ahead of Namibia (ranked 159th) in the list. The U.S. is ranked 27th, while China is at 44th and Pakistan at 164th.
South Asian countries ranking below India in this report include Pakistan (164), Bangladesh (161) and Afghanistan (188). Countries in the region that have fared better than India in terms of human capital include Sri Lanka (102), Nepal (156), Bhutan (133) and Maldives (116).
The study, published in journal The Lancet, says that India is ranked at 158 out of 195 countries in 2016, an improvement from its position of 162 in 1990. It also shows that India is falling behind in terms of health and education of its workforce, which could potentially have long-term negative effects on the economy.
The study is based on analysis of data from government agencies, schools, and health care systems.
20. Jasdev Singh, the voice of Indian hockey, passes away
Renowned hindi commentator Jasdev Singh passed away on Tuesday after prolonged illness. Jasdev was 87.
Jasdev received the Padma Shri in 1985 and Padma Bhushan in 2008.
As a commentator, he covered 9 Olympics & 6 Asian Games
Defence Acquisition Council (DAC)
Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP)
Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT)
22. Things to Remember:
Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
23. Improve your Vocabulary:
Meaning – An official appointed to investigate individuals’ complaints against a company or organization, especially a public authority.
Synonyms – defender, preserver, bodyguard, minder, guardian, guard, champion, watchdog, knight in shining armour, guardian angel, patron, chaperone, escort, keeper, custodian