Current Affairs for NDA/CDS/AFCAT/Airforce X&Y Groups
News Analysis from THE HINDU (October 09, 2018)
1. India faces threat of deadly heat waves, says UN climate report
If the average global temperature rises by more than one degree Celsius from the present, India could “annually” expect conditions like the 2015 heat wave that killed at least 2,000, according to the ‘Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C,’ commissioned by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
The report was put together by about 91 authors and review-editors from 40 countries, who had convened in Incheon, South Korea, last week, to assess the feasibility of keeping the average global temperature from rising beyond 1.5 degree Celsius from pre-industrial times.
The report stated that capping the rise in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius would require “rapid and far-reaching” transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport and cities.
The global net human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) would need to fall by about 45% from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050. This means any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2 from the air.
2. Two Indian oil PSUs place orders for Iranian crude
Two Indian state-run oil companies have placed orders for Iranian oil to be delivered in November, Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Monday.
The move comes in apparent defiance of U.S. sanctions targeting Iran’s crude oil exports that come into effect on November 4.
The Indian government has repeatedly requested Washington for a waiver of these sanctions for India, but has not received an affirmative response so far.
3. No official word yet on ‘Digi Yatra’, says CISF DG
The Central Industrial Security Force has not been officially communicated about the ‘Digi Yatra’ facility that is supposed to be rolled out by February next year, its Director General said on Monday. The CISF guards 60 major airport terminals of the country.
“We have not been officially communicated about ‘Digi Yatra’. There are many other stakeholders in the programme before it comes to the CISF. We will move as per the communication from the higher authorities. We are capable of implementing the facility,” said DG Rajesh Ranjan.
A biometric-enabled digital processing of passengers, ‘Digi Yatra’ will enable travellers to enter the airport building by scanning a QR code on their mobile phones after undergoing facial recognition. From the airport entry gate to the boarding area, it would be a paperless or digital process.
However, travellers would still have to undergo mandatory security checks, including frisking.
Mr. Ranjan said after two rounds of body scanner trials at IGI airport, another more advanced body scanner has now been installed for trials; the previous ones were unable to scan passengers below the knee area.
4. Twenty-two Zika cases confirmed in Rajasthan
As many as 22 cases of Zika virus infection have been reported in Jaipur and a Central team has been rushed to Rajasthan. The outbreak was detected through the Indian Council of Medical Research surveillance system, said a release issued by the Union Health Ministry on Monday.
5. Two agricultural schemes launched in Arunachal
Arunachal Pradesh Agriculture Minister Dr. Mohesh Chai on Monday launched two schemes for farmers to increase production and their income. The two schemes are the Chief Minister’s Sashakt Kisan Yojana (CMSKY) and the Chief Minister’s Krishi Samuh Yojana (CMKSY)
6. In T.N., 10-km road proposed through tiger reserves
The Nilgiris district administration has proposed a road that would cut through the core area of the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Erode and the buffer zone of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in Udhagamandalam. The 10-km road is to connect three villages in Thengumarahada, Kallampalayam and Alli Moyar to Bhavani Sagar area.
Conservationists warn that the plan could spell trouble for wildlife in the critical habitat of Thengumarahada.
Residents have long demanded that a road be laid to the Thengumarahada section, located along the Nilgiris’ northeastern slope in the MTR buffer zone, complaining of a lack of access to basic facilities, including healthcare. They have been demanding a bridge across the Moyar at Kallampalayam, as crossing the river becomes difficult during the monsoon.
7. With Brett Kavanaugh confirmed, Republicans enjoy great power to shape the U.S. agenda
The U.S. Senate has confirmed the nomination of conservative-leaning judge Brett Kavanaugh, by a vote of 50-48, and he was sworn in as a ninth justice of the Supreme Court (SCOTUS).
8. The Electricity Act 2003
The Electricity Act, 2003 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to transform the power sector in India. The act covers major issues involving generation, distribution, transmission and trading in power.
9. Passive management
This refers to an investment strategy where an investment portfolio is constructed in such a way that it mirrors the composition of the broader market index. This is in contrast to active management of funds where fund managers try to pick individual stocks that they believe will outperform the broader market. Passive investors believe that since financial markets are efficient, it is impossible for most investors with ordinary investing skills to earn returns higher than the index. So they recommend that the average investor should simply invest money in low-cost index funds.
10. IAF ready at all times: Air Chief on 86th Air Force Day
‘Rafale aircraft, S-400 missile systems will further enhance our capabilities’
The Indian Air Force is “ever prepared” to meet any contingencies and the recent largest-ever pan-India exercise Gagan Shakti 2018 showcased the “operational capability and readiness of the IAF”, Air Chief Marshal B.S. Dhanoa said here on Monday.
During the exercise, more than 11,000 sorties were flown, which include 9,000 by fighter aircraft. Over 1,400 officers and 14,000 men were deployed. Focussed efforts enabled us to maintain a very high dispatch rate of combat assets and combat support systems,” he said addressing the force at the Hindon Air Force Station on the occasion of the 86th Air Force Day.
To commemorate the anniversary, the IAF put up an impressive air parade. The Dakota-DC3 aircraft, which played a vital role in the 1947-48 India-Pakistan war, made its maiden fly past, after it was refurbished and presented to the IAF by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP, early this year. The IAF’s Surya Kiran Aerobatics Team, comprising nine Hawk 132 aircraft, and the Sarang Helicopter Display Team, performed manoeuvres.
11. SC tags Tripura NRC plea with Assam case
The petitioner claimed that it had submitted memoranda to the President and Prime Minister of India in February 2018 but had not got any “favourable response in this regard till date.”
The petition arraigns the Union of India, Ministry of External Affairs, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, the Election Commission of India and the State of Tripura as respondents. The deportation of illegal immigrants, the petition argued, is required to restore the “socio-economic, socio-political and socio-cultural equilibrium” of the State.
The petition has been filed on behalf of the indigenous people living in Tripura, the petition said. “It is a known position that Tripura and Assam have faced the brunt of illegal immigration from Bangladesh.”
12. Plan to involve farmers in scheme implementation
The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Agriculture has started its assessment of schemes aimed at doubling farmers’ income by 2022 by looking into their role in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of these schemes. At the committee’s meeting on Monday, the MPs discussed the provisions made for farmers to participate in the schemes. The provisions are there, but real farmers are not nominated,” said an MP.
13. Dhaka enacts digital law despite protests
Bangladesh’s President on Monday signed a digital security act into law despite protests by journalists and rights groups that it will severely curb media freedom.
“The digital security Bill has been signed by the President today,” President Abdul Hamid’s spokesman Joynal Abedin said.
Top editors and journalists had held a last-minute meeting with Ministers demanding some sections of the legislation be changed.
The Law Minister had promised that he would discuss the issues, but the President went ahead and signed the act into law without waiting.
The law, which carries heavy jail sentences for secretly recording government officials or spreading “negative propaganda” using a smartphone or computer, already had parliamentary approval.
Berlin-based corruption watchdog Transparency International’s (TI) Bangladesh chapter slammed the move in an immediate reaction.
14. More time for filing I-T returns
The Central Board of Direct Taxes on Monday said it had extended the deadline for the filing of income tax returns and audit reports to October 31 from the earlier deadline of October 15.
The CBDT had previously extended this deadline from September 30 to October 15.
15. Tababi Devi claims silver
Thangjam Tababi Devi became India’s first judo medallist at the Olympic level, claiming a silver after losing to Venezuela’s Maria Giminez in the final of the women’s 44kg category, here on Sunday. The Asian cadet champion hailing from Manipur lost 11-0 in the summit showdown.
The 16-year-old, who had defeated Ana Viktorija Puljiz of Croatia 10-0 in the semifinals, had blanked Bhutan’s Yangchen Wangmo 10-0 in the round of 16 before getting the better of Erza Muminoviq of Kosovo in the quarterfinals.
Commonwealth Games silver medallist Mehuli Ghosh captured the silver as she missed the gold by 0.7 point to Stephanie Laura Grundsoee of Denmark in women’s air rifle.
Mehuli led by 0.8 points before the last two shots. After a 10.4 penultimate shot in the 24-shot final, which saw her lead by 0.6 point, Mehuli undid her good work with a 9.7 last shot, as against 10.4 by the girl from Denmark.
16. Sandeep smashes world record
Javelin thrower Sandeep Chaudhary produced a stunning world-record effort as India bagged three gold, at the Asian Para Games here on Monday.
Sandeep clinched India’s first gold in the men’s F42-44/61-64 category, before middle-distance runner Rakshitha Raju (women’s T11 1500m) and swimmer Jadhav Suyash Narayan (men’s S7 50m butterfly) added the yellow metals later.
There were two more silver with Ramya Shanmugam and Radha Venkatesh finishing second in women’s F46 javelin and women’s T12/13 1,500m respectively.
Besides, the gold from Jadhav, India won three bronze on Monday in swimming. India also won a silver in para-powerlifting while shooting para sport gave the country a silver and a bronze.
17. Harsha becomes GM
Harsha Bharathkoti has become the second Grandmaster from Telangana having attained the mandatory ELO rating of 2500 during the on-going Gujarat International Grandmasters open chess tournament on Monday, according to his coach N.V.S. Rama Raju.
Raju, who also trained GM D. Harika, told The Hindu on Monday that the 17-year-old Harsha got all the three GM norms including the third one in Abu Dhabi Masters.
Now, Harsha will be now be officially conferred with the GM title having earned the eight points required after an impressive start to his campaign in the Gujarat Open. Arjun Erigaisi was the first player from Telangana to get the GM title.
Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)
Chief Minister’s Sashakt Kisan Yojana (CMSKY)
Chief Minister’s Krishi Samuh Yojana (CMKSY)
VVPAT – Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail
19. Things to Remember:
Union Minister for Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi
Air Chief Marshal B.S. Dhanoa
Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
20. Improve your Vocabulary:
Meaning – Evil in nature or effect.
Example – ‘she had a strong and malign influence’
Synonyms – harmful, evil, bad, baleful, hostile, inimical, destructive, malevolent, evil-intentioned, malignant, injurious, spiteful, malicious, vicious