Current Affairs Today 2018
1. The Competition Act, 2002
Latest Current Affairs Today- The Hindu
The Competition Act, 2002 was enacted by the Parliament of India and governs Indian competition law. It replaced the archaic The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969.
Enacted by: Parliament of India
Date commenced: 31 March 2003
Date assented to: 13 January 2003
Introduced by: Arun Jaitley
2. Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code
Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code is a section of the Indian Penal Code introduced in 1861 during the British rule of India. Modelled on the Buggery Act of 1533, it criminalises sexual activities “against the order of nature”.
SC ruling today on Section 377
A five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court will pronounce on Thursday its judgment on the constitutionality of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, a colonial-era provision which criminalises private consensual sexual acts between same-sex adults.
The Bench is led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra. (Current Affairs Today- The Hindu)
3. National Security Act
The National Security Act of 1980 is an act of the Indian Parliament promulgated on 23 September, 1980 whose purpose is “to provide for preventive detention in certain cases and for matters connected therewith”.
Enacted by: Parliament of India
Date assented to: 27 December 1980
Date commenced: 27 December 1980
Territorial extent: The whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir
4. Advertising Club honours top brands
The Advertising Club presented awards to 12 top brands in various sectors and five more winners in the special category as part of Marquees 2018 held in Mumbai recently.
Marquees 2018 recognises brands for their excellence in marketing and brand-building. The second edition had several industry stalwarts participating in the event.
The winners in the Sector Awards category were Maruti Suzuki (Automobile), Honda Motorcycles and Scooters (Automobile), Reliance Jio (Telecom Service Provider), LG (Durables), HDFC Life (Life Insurance), State Bank of India (Banking), Paytm Mall (E-Commerce), Xiaomi (Handsets), Parle (Foods), Brooke Bond (Beverages), Surf Excel (Household care) and Colgate (Personal care).
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5. Mudumalai buffer zone to open for tourism
More than 200 people stand to get employment with the Forest Department taking the final steps to open up the buffer zone of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve to tourism. Officials said that once the Eco-Development Committees are inaugurated, private vehicle operators would be allowed into portions of the buffer zone. Over the last few weeks, more than 105 vehicle operators have registered with the Forest Department while training has also started for over hundred eco-guides.
It’s in Tamil Nadu.
6. Give Aadhaar enrolment facility, schools told
Stating that it is the responsibility of schools to provide Aadhaar enrolment facility to their students, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) on Wednesday said denying admission and other facilities for want of Aadhaar was “invalid and not permitted under the law.” It added that after admission of students, the schools should provide Aadhaar enrolment and update facility to such students.
7. Bill suggests armed force for protection of Ganga
The draft Bill for the protection of the Ganga has suggested provisions like having an armed force with the power to arrest those who pollute the river, and imprisonment and fine for offences varying from commercial fishing to construction of illegal structures in active flood plains, an official said.
8. Operation Parakram
The 2001–2002 India–Pakistan standoff was a military standoff between India and Pakistan . India’s largest military mobilization since the 1971 conflict. The Indian codename for the mobilization was Operation Parakram.
9. CAATSA, a sticking point
Expectations have been high in the run-up to the much-delayed inaugural ‘2+2’ dialogue between India and the U.S. on September 6. These range from the likely signing of the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement, which is meant to provide a legal framework for the transfer of communication security equipment from the U.S. to India, to the possible announcement of several high-end defence deals worth billions of dollars. And yet, some statements from Washington over the last week have come as a reality check. They open the possibility of the 2+2 dialogue becoming just another high-optics engagement, one that fails to address the structural issues that could adversely affect the deepening strategic partnership between India and the U.S.
Change in tone
One such issue, which has emerged as a major friction point and has the potential to derail the relationship, is the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA). India had made it clear that it would go ahead with the S-400 Triumf missile system deal with Russia even as U.S. sanctions loom large. Earlier, when U.S. officials expressed concern over the S-400 sale, they had assured India that a way would be found by the Trump administration to shield friends and allies from sanctions. However, recent statements show a change in tone. Randall Schriver, Assistant Secretary of Defence for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs, said in a sharp remark in Washington that he “can’t guarantee a waiver will be used for future purchases.” He said that there was an “impression that we are going to completely protect the India relationship, insulate India from any fallout from this legislation no matter what they do. I would say that is a bit misleading. We would still have very significant concerns if India pursued major new platforms and systems [from Russia].” He also added: “Russia is not a country you want to have a strategic partnership [with].” Surprisingly, despite sharing a close strategic relationship with Russia, India chose to remain silent instead of making it clear that it would take its policy decisions in line with its interests. (Current Affairs Today- The Hindu)
10. What is happening with Argentina’s economy?
Argentina’s currency, the peso, has lost approximately 50% of its value this year and 25% in August alone, falling to new lows on Monday as confidence in the currency continued to drop. Earlier this week, President Mauricio Macri asked the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to accelerate the disbursement of a $50 billion loan, on the premise that the money could be used for servicing debt and intervening in currency markets. Mr. Marci said that a lack of confidence in the peso and inflation of around 30% had compelled him to do this. The IMF had already disbursed a tranche of $15 billion in June. Most of Argentina’s debt is dollar denominated and the growing weakness of the peso against the dollar has been a cause for concern to markets.
11. Unconditional positive regard
This refers to the unconditional acceptance of all kinds of behaviour exhibited by a person irrespective of one’s personal like or dislike of such behaviour. It is an approach towards clients that is commonly recommended in the practice of psychotherapy. It involves dealing with a person in need of help in a helpful and professional manner regardless of the therapist’s personal preferences. Psychotherapists, for instance, are often encouraged to maintain a positive attitude towards their patients even if they do not agree with them. The idea was proposed by American psychologist Carl Rogers in his 1951 book Client-Centered Therapy.
12. Article 35A of the Constitution of India
Article 35A of the Indian Constitution is an article that empowers the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to those permanent residents. (Get daily updates, Latest current affairs Today
13. Chopper project
After delays, the India-Russia joint project to build Ka-226T helicopters in India is making progress. The Defence Ministry has issued the Request for Procurement (RFP) to Indo-Russian Helicopters Limited, the Joint Venture (JV) set up to build the Ka-226Ts in India.
“The RFP was issued two weeks ago. Once the contract is signed, we expect to induct them in three years,” Air Marshal Nambiar said. The JV is between Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd and Russia’s Rostec-JSC Rosoboronexport and Russian Helicopters.
India and Russia have concluded an Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) for 200 helicopters estimated to cost over $1 billion.
14. Army goes in for SpyLite mini-UAV
The Army has selected SpyLite mini-UAV for high-altitude aerial surveillance. The mini-UAV is built by Cyient Solutions & Systems (CSS), a joint venture between Cyient Ltd of India and BlueBird Aero Systems of Israel.
“The CSS offered, and successfully demonstrated, its flagship mini-UAV system, SpyLite, which was the only one that met end-user requirements,” the CSS said in a statement. The system delivered high-quality day and night videos,” it added.
According to the company website, SpyLite has an endurance of 4-5 hours and a maximum flight ceiling of 30,000 feet making it ideal for operations along the border with China as well as on the Siachen glacier.
15. In a first, LCA undergoes mid-air refuelling
The indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas has successfully carried out mid-air refuelling for the first time with an IL-78 tanker, the Indian Air Force said. The mid-air refuelling carried out on Tuesday, is one of the critical requirements for the Tejas to achieve Final Operational Clearance.
16. India supports Mauritius’ claim over Chagos islands
India has backed Mauritius over its claim on the disputed Chagos islands, which is home to Diego Garcia — the key military base of the U.K. and the U.S. in the Indian Ocean, saying its decolonisation was incomplete as long as the atolls were under British control. India’s stand was presented before the ICJ here by India’s Ambassador to the Netherlands Venu Rajamony.
17. Qatar lifts exit permit system
Qatar amended its residency laws on Tuesday to allow most foreign workers to leave the country without exit permits from their employers.
Doha is keen to show it is tackling allegations of worker exploitation as it prepares to host the 2022 soccer World Cup, which it has presented as a showcase of its progress and development.
The new law allows most workers to leave the country without exit permits from their employers, Qatar said in a statement quoting Minister of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs Issa al-Nuaimi.
Employers will still be allowed to require up to 5% of their workforce to request permission to leave, after submitting their names to the government “with justifications based on the nature of the work”, the statement said.
18. Pak. President’s father was Nehru’s dentist
Pakistan’s newly-elected President Dr. Arif Alvi shares an interesting connection with India — his father was a dentist to Jawaharlal Nehru before Partition, according to a short biography published on the website of the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party.
19. Shreya-Divyansh win bronze
Shreya Agrawal and Divyansh Panwar won the junior mixed air rifle bronze behind Italy and Iran in the 52nd World Shooting Championship in Korea on Wednesday.
After qualifying in the fifth place with a score of 834.4, the Indian pair did well to win a medal. A better medal was missed by 0.6 point. The main team of Elavenil Valarivan and Hriday Hazarika finished 13th.
ICJ – International Court of Justice
National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT)
21. Things to Remember:
Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao
India’s Ambassador to the Netherlands Venu Rajamony
22. Improve your Vocabulary:
Meaning – put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.
Example – “they deferred the decision until February”
Synonyms: postpone, put off, adjourn, delay, hold over/off, put back, carry over;
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