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Current Affairs for NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Airforce X&Y Groups – News
Analysis from THE HINDU (January 29, 2019)

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1. India clinches ODI series in style

India defeated New Zealand by seven wickets in the third One
Day International (ODI) on Monday to take a 3-0 lead in the five-match series.

Chasing a target of 244, India rode on Rohit Sharma (62) and
Virat Kohli (60) to power home with 42 balls left. India had won the first two
games by eight wickets and 90 runs.

2. Tripura CM inaugurates indoor exhibition centre

Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb on Monday
inaugurated an international indoor exhibition centre at Hapania here, the
largest facility of its kind in the northeastern region. Speaking at the event,
Mr. Deb said companies and consultants would now get an address to showcase
their products.

3. ‘India can’t handle more big cats’

While conservation efforts are aimed at increasing the tiger
count in India, global experts and officials in the government suggest that
India must also prepare for a new challenge — of reaching the limits of its
management capacity.

Officially, India had 2,226 tigers as of 2014. An ongoing
census is expected to reveal an update to these numbers. But Rajesh Gopal, head
of the Global Tiger Forum, said that India’s current capacity to host tigers ranged
from 2,500-3,000 tigers.

Moreover, said another official, 25-35% of India’s tigers
now lived outside protected reserves.

With dwindling core forests as well as the shrinking of
tiger corridors (strips of land that allow tigers to move unfettered across
diverse habitat), officials said there were several challenges — alongside the
traditional challenges of poaching and man-animal conflict — to India’s success
at tiger conservation. Recent attempts at translocating tigers to unpopulated
reserves, such as Satkosia in Orissa, have ended badly, with one of the tigers
dying.

4. Tamil translation wins Romain Rolland Prize

Munpin theriyathavanin vaazhkai, the Tamil translation of
the French novel La vie d’un homme inconnu (The Life of an Unknown Man) by Andreï
Makine has won the prestigious Romain Rolland Prize by the French Embassy at
Jaipur Literary Festival.

It was translated by S.R. Kichenamorti, former Professor and
head of the French Department, Pondicherry University and published by
Kalachuvadu. Kannan Sundaram, the publisher of the book, received the award on
behalf of the author.

The novel revolves around the revisit of a dissident Russian
writer Shutov to St. Petersburg after almost 30 years of exile in France after
being rejected by his lover half his age.

He hopes to reconnect with his roots and the woman he loved
in his youth, but disappointed as she was already married.The admission of
Geoffrey Strachan, who translated the book in English, that the author had used
some Russian words in French text which he had retained in the English
translation, further explained Mr. Kichenamorti’s idea.

Mr. Kichenamorti, who has been translating French literary
works in to Tamil and Tamil works in to French, said he was occupied with the
task of rendering into French the works of Ramalinga Vallalar.

5. The Supreme Court’s ruling eases the implementation of the IBC in knotty
cases

Last week’s Supreme Court judgment upholding the validity of
the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 (IBC) in its “entirety” could have a
major impact on the country’s economic landscape. The fledgling IBC has been
severely tested in the two years since its enactment, with the Centre being
forced to amend a couple of its provisions in order to plug some loopholes that
enabled defaulting borrowers to challenge the legislation. Any law of this
nature that takes over businesses and assets from defaulters and empowers
lenders to change the management is bound to face legal challenges. Borrowers
were never going to take the IBC lying down, and that is exactly what happened;
over the last two years, they have challenged various aspects of the law in
tribunals and courts. In the event, the apex court’s stamp of approval on the
entire Code is a strong signal to borrowers and banks even as it brings a sense
of relief to the Centre, which has been watching one of its better economic
initiatives being stifled by vested interests.

6. Djokovic beats an error-prone Nadal for a record-breaking seventh
Australian Open title

Novak Djokovic, at his absolute best, can make even the most
fiercely competitive of draws appear enervated. From the start of 2015 to
mid-2016, when he won five of the six Grand Slam events, he arguably played at
a level unmatched in tennis history. With his merciless demolition of Rafael
Nadal in Melbourne on Sunday, which gave the World No. 1 a men’s-record seventh
Australian Open singles trophy, and his 15th Major overall taking him past
American great Pete Sampras, he is on the cusp of repeating that golden run
spread across 2015 and 2016. The Serb’s transformation, in just over six
months, from a physically compromised and mentally withdrawn state to having a
shot at sporting immortality, has been staggering. Against Nadal, he did not
quite have to hit his peak; the World No.2, despite having looked the better
player leading up to the final, never truly arrived, with his rhythm, timing
and tactics all over the place. The 17-time Grand Slam champion seemed smitten
by anxiety, a far cry from the 2018 Wimbledon semifinal when he fearlessly
matched Djokovic shot for shot over five epic sets. But that is probably what
the mask of invincibility does to opponents, something that Djokovic wears so
effortlessly.

7. Psychological warfare

Military

This refers to the use of effective propaganda, threats and
other non-combat psychological techniques to manipulate the morale and the
general behaviour of enemy forces. Psychological warfare may include using
false media propaganda in order to negatively affect the psychological
well-being of an enemy population and carrying out covert military operations
that are intended to mislead the enemy and cause mental fatigue. It is often
employed by governments to gain some level of mental advantage over the enemy
and also, in several cases, to influence public opinion within their own
countries.

8. Kamala Harris begins campaign

Kamala Harris, a U.S. Senator from California of African and
Indian descent, officially launched her 2020 presidential campaign on Sunday
from her hometown of Oakland.

Speaking in front of the Oakland City Hall, with over 20,000
people in attendance — a larger crowd than former President Barack Obama had at
his campaign launch in 2007 — Ms. Harris projected herself as a candidate of
the people.

A child of Jamaican and Indian immigrants, Ms. Harris was,
in 2010, the first woman of African and Indian descent to become California’s
Attorney-General, and, in 2016, the second African-American woman in the U.S.
Senate.

9. Natco Pharma launches heart failure drug

Natco Pharma has launched combination drug
Valsartan-Sacubitril tablet in India. The product is used for certain types of
heart failure and works by relaxing blood vessels, making it easier for the
heart to pump blood to the body. The company on Monday said it has launched the
drug under its brand Valsac at an affordable price. It is available in 50 mg
and 100 mg strengths at an MRP of ₹45 and ₹55 per tablet respectively, the firm
said.

10. Alonso wins epic Daytona endurance race

Two-time F-1 World champion Fernando Alonso, 37, sparked his
team to victory on Sunday in the 24 Hours of Daytona. He added the US endurance
event to a list of career achievements that includes 32 F1 race wins and world
titles in 2005 and 2006.

11. Non-communicable diseases top killers: WHO

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) — mainly cardiovascular
diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes and cancer — continue to be
the top killers in the South-East Asia Region, claiming 8.5 million lives each
year, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Containing the NCDs has been listed by the WHO as its health
goal for this year along with reducing mortality related to air pollution and
climate change, global influenza pandemic etc.

“One third of these deaths are premature and occur before
the age of 70, affecting economically productive individuals. The four ‘major’
NCDs are caused, to a large extent, by four modifiable behavioural risk
factors: tobacco use, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity and
harmful use of alcohol. The NCDs disproportionately affect the poor, impoverish
families, and place a growing burden on health care systems,” noted the WHO.

Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer and heart
disease, are collectively responsible for over 70% of all deaths worldwide, or
41 million people. These include 15 million people dying prematurely, aged
between 30 and 69.

12. NASA’s Mars rover most likely ‘dead’ after storm

NASA’s Opportunity rover — which recently completed 15 years
on the surface of Mars — may have ‘died’ after a massive storm engulfed the Red
Planet seven months ago, scientists say. No signal from Opportunity has been
received since June 10 last year eventually blocking out so much sunlight that
the rover could no longer charge its batteries.

13. Abbreviations:

Wildlife Institute of India (WII)

Enforcement Directorate (ED)

All India Tennis Association (AITA)

14. Things to Remember:

Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb

Chief Minister of Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis

15. Improve your Vocabulary:

rejig

Meaning – Organize (something) differently; rearrange.

Example – ‘the organizers scrambled frantically to rejig
schedules’

Synonyms – reorganize, alter, adjust, change, change round,
reorder, reschedule, reshuffle

Current Affairs is an important GK topic for UPSC, NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Air
force X & Y Groups, SSC, and other competitive exams. Every year in UPSC,
SSC and Bank there are few questions from Current Affairs

FOR YOUR DAILY DOSE OF CURRENT AFFAIRS FROM “THE HINDU”, visit:

http://www.thetutors.in/general-knowledge-gk-current-affairs-for-competitive-exam/

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