Current Affairs for NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Airforce X&Y Groups
News Analysis from THE HINDU (December 10, 2018)
1. Centre amends rules for minorities from three nations
The contentious Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, is pending in Parliament, but the Union Home Ministry has notified amendments to the Citizenship Rules, 2009, to include a separate column in the citizenship form for applicants belonging to six minority communities from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
Under the amendments, a separate entry in the form will ask the applicant: “Do you belong to one of the minority communities from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan — Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis, Sikhs and Christians?” The Centre has made the changes under Section 18 of the Citizenship Act, 1955. New rules were notified on December 3.
A parliamentary committee has been examining the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, that proposes citizenship to six persecuted minorities — Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists — from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who came to India before 2014. It has run into strong resistance in the BJP-ruled Assam because it will pave the way for giving citizenship mostly to illegal Hindu migrants from Bangladesh in Assam, who came after March 1971, in violation of the 1985 Assam Accord.
2. Aqua Line to become operational soon
Commuters travelling from Greater Noida to Delhi or Noida will soon have access to metro services. Inspection of Aqua Line by the Commissioner for Metro Rail Safety is likely to be conducted between Tuesday and Thursday. The corridor from Noida Sector 51 to Greater Noida’s depot station will be made functional after grant of requisite approvals.
3. President arrives in Gorakhpur
President Ram Nath Kovind arrived here on Sunday on a two-day visit during which he will grace the Founder’s Week Celebrations of Maharana Pratap Shiksha Parishad here.
4. JICA norms flouted in bullet train project
Officials of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) held meetings with farmers, their representatives and activists opposing land acquisition for the Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project. The JICA funds the project.
The officials met farmers and their lawyer Anand Yagnik and activists in Surat, Bharuch, Valsad and other places to understand their concerns and demands for parting with their land. The officials decided to meet the farmers after petitions were filed in the Gujarat High Court against the land acquisition process initiated by the Gujarat government. Over 1,000 farmers have filed affidavits, contending that the process violates the guidelines of the JICA.
5. ‘Muslim women may go to Haj without Mehram’
A large number of Muslim women may to go to Haj without ‘Mehram’ (male companion) next year, Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said on Sunday. He explained that the Haj Committee has received more than 2,23,000 applications for 2019, including 47 % women.
6. Best Parliamentarian award for Kanimozhi
DMK MP Kanimozhi has been adjudged the Best Woman Parliamentarian (Rajya Sabha) by Lokmat newspaper for 2018.
7. Error management theory
This refers to a theory which explains how evolutionary forces may have influenced human decision-making. Error management theory often views cognitive biases as adaptations of the human mind to deal with problems that were faced by human ancestors. The human mind, for instance, prefers to commit a type 1 false positive error over a type 2 false negative error. This is because false positive errors would have been more costly to the survival chances of our ancestors living in the ancient age than false negative errors. The theory was proposed by American psychologists David Buss and Martie Haselton and has been used to explain modern human behaviour.
8. Pak. issues visas to visit Shiva temple
Going ahead with a people-oriented diplomacy, Pakistan has issued a large number of visas for Indian pilgrims who are expected to visit the famed Shiva temple at Katas Raj Dham, near the city of Lahore.
“Group of Indian pilgrims, comprising 139 people, has been issued visas by the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi to visit Shree Katas Raj Dham, in Chakwal district from 9-15 December 2018,” stated a press release from the Pakistan High Commission in the national capital.
Buddhist links too
Katas Raj is a complex of ancient temples that is among the most important Hindu pilgrimage centres in Pakistan. The temple complex consisting of seven shrines, is located around the Katas lake, considered sacred by pilgrims of multiple faiths. Apart from the temples, the area is renowned for its Buddhist remains and architecture.
The Pakistan government under Imran Khan has continued the policy of conservation of ancient temples followed by the Nawaz Sharif government.
Pakistan also formally inaugurated the project for building the corridor that will allow Sikh pilgrims to visit the holy temple at Kartarpur across the border.
9. Navy on a major capability upgrade
Against the backdrop of increasing responsibilities in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) with the rising Chinese presence, the Indian Navy has embarked on a major capability upgrade. A Navy officer said that this year, on an average, 35 Navy ships were deployed every day.
“The Navy has undertaken 113 port calls including operational turnarounds this year and has participated in 21 exercises including the Indra series with Russia which began on Sunday,” the officer said.
Operational requirements have significantly gone up with the Navy ensuring the presence of at least one major ship at all critical choke points in the IOR under its mission-based deployments and increased military-to-military engagement with friendly nations as part of India’s defence diplomacy in which the Navy is at the forefront.
“As on today, 32 ships and submarines are presently under construction in Indian shipyards. These include the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) Vikrant, Project-15B destroyers, Project-17A stealth frigates, P-28 anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvettes, offshore patrol vessels (OPV) and Scorpene class submarines … In addition, government approval has also been accorded for 56 ships and six submarines,” the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba, said last week.
The 56 ships are in various stages of procurement and include replacements for existing platforms as well as new additions. “Construction activity will be spread over a decade,” Admiral Lanba stated. These include next generation frigates and destroyers, four stealth frigates from Russia, four landing platform decks (LPD), 16 shallow water craft, 12 mine sweepers, five fleet support ships (FSS), four survey vessels and two diving support vessels. All this comes against the backdrop of China increasing its presence and establishing permanent facilities in the IOR. Admiral Lanba stated that China deployed six to eight warships in the IOR at any given time.
10. Visa on arrival for South Korean nationals
India has started granting visa on arrival to South Korean nationals, a move that is expected to boost inflow of tourists and business visitors, officials said on Sunday. The facility includes double entry visit for 60 days for business, tourism, conference and medical purposes through Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Hyderabad airports.
11. India, Russia war games in Jaipur from today
The Indian and Russian Air Forces will begin a 12-day war game in Jodhpur on Monday with an aim to enhance their operational coordination. The exercise — Aviaindra — would be unique as the Russian Air Force would not bring its assets and would take part in the drill using Indian platforms, an IAF official said.
12. Brexit deal defeat could topple Tory govt.: May
Prime Minister Theresa May warned on Sunday that Parliament’s rejection of her Brexit deal could leave Britain in the European Union and bring the Opposition Labour Party to power.
The embattled leader’s message came with her government fearing a heavy defeat on Tuesday of the draft withdrawal agreement she signed with Brussels last month.
13. Maldives applies to rejoin Commonwealth
The Maldives has applied to rejoin the Commonwealth, reversing a policy of isolation under Abdulla Yameen. President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, wrote to the bloc on Friday seeking readmission two years after Mr. Yameen pulled the nation out of it, said the President’s office.
14. PMO seeks white paper on OVL
After looking to sell oilfields of Oil and Natural Gas Corp. (ONGC), the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has sought a white paper on status and future strategy for the State-owned firm’s overseas arm ONGC Videsh Ltd., sources with knowledge of the development said.
The Union government had, on previous occasions, looked at hiving-off the highly successful OVL from its parent and monetising it by listing the firm on domestic or international bourses.
15. ‘Govt. will help global funds invest in India’
The government will put in place a proper mechanism, including easy regulations, detailed information and less paperwork for global funds to invest in the country in infrastructure and start-ups, Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu said. He has held meetings with global sovereign wealth funds, insurance funds and pension funds from Japan, Australia, Canada, Singapore and South Korea to attract investments to India. He said there are sector-limitations for these funds as they have mandates to invest in specific areas.
16. Mexican model crowned Miss World
A Mexican model and volunteer was crowned Miss World at a glitzy event on the tropical Chinese island of Hainan on Saturday.
Miss Mexico Vanessa Ponce de Leon, 26, who has a degree in international business, volunteers for “Migrantes en el Camino” and is on the board of directors of a rehab centre for girls, according to the Miss World website.
She was crowned as the 68th Miss World by last year’s winner, Manushi Chhillar of India, in the coastal city of Sanya.
First runner up was Thailand’s Nicolene Pichapa Limsnukan, a 20-year-old studying business administration. Miss Belarus Maria Vasilevich, Miss Jamaica Kadijah Robinson and Miss Uganda Quiin Abenakyo were among the final five.
It is the eighth time the Miss World final has been held in Sanya, which first hosted the pageant in 2003.
17. ‘Bioplastics may not be a viable alternative to plastic’
Bioplastics — often promoted as a climate-friendly alternative to petroleum-based plastics — may lead to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions, according to a study.
According to the study by researchers at the University of Bonn in Germany, published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, shifting to plant-based plastics could have less positive effects than expected.
An increased consumption of bioplastics in the following years is likely to generate increased greenhouse gas emissions from cropland expansion on a global scale.
Plastics are usually made from petroleum, with the associated impacts in terms of fossil fuel depletion but also climate change.
It is estimated that by 2050, plastics could already be responsible for 15% of the global CO2 emissions.
Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC)
Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV)
19. Things to Remember:
Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May
20. Improve your Vocabulary:
Meaning – Consider or declare to be true or the case.
Example – ‘she was adjudged guilty’
Synonyms – justice, magistrate, her honour, his honour, your honour, judge, deem, adjudicate, find, determine, pronounce, proclaim, rule, hold, consider, conclude, think