Current Affairs for NDA/CDS/AFCAT/Airforce X&Y Groups
News Analysis from THE HINDU (October 17, 2018)
1. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet okays ‘Prayagraj’
The Uttar Pradesh Cabinet on Tuesday adopted the proposal to rename the historical city of Allahabad as Prayagraj, a move opposed by the Opposition parties in the State. The State government said it was only restoring an old name to the city. “Today, the BJP government had rectified the mistake made by Akbar,” a BJP spokesperson said.
2. POCSO Act: no time bar to report crimes
Survivors of child sexual abuse can file a police complaint after they become adults. The government clarified on Tuesday that there is no time bar on reporting such crimes.
The Law Ministry concurred with the opinion of the Ministry of Women and Child Development that unlike the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2012, does not lay down a time limit for reporting crimes covered under it.
“The Ministry of Law, after examining the provisions of POCSO Act vis-à-vis provisions of the CrPC, has advised that there appears no period of limitation mentioned in Section 19 in regard to reporting of the offences under the POCSO Act, 2012,” according to a statement.
Section 19 of the POCSO Act, which deals with sexual crimes against children, lays down the procedure for reporting a crime but doesn’t specify a time limit or statute of limitation for reporting it. Whereas the CrPC lays down different time-limits for crimes which carry punishment of up to three years, there is no time bar for crimes that would attract a jail term of more than three years.
This is an important step for survivors of child abuse, who may try to file a complaint as adults but are turned away at police stations.
3. Defence Planning Committee (DPC)
In April this year, the Narendra Modi government set up a Defence Planning Committee (DPC) to assist in the creation of “national security strategy, international defence engagement strategy, roadmap to build (a) defence manufacturing ecosystem, strategy to boost defence exports, and priority capability development plans”. Earlier this month, it also decided to revive the Strategic Policy Group (SPG) within the overall National Security Council (NSC) system.
4. Revolving door
This refers to a practice wherein people in highly influential positions in the government move to jobs in the private sector and vice versa. It is believed that such movement of people between the government and the private sector can lead to serious conflict of interest. Powerful bureaucrats who wish to assume high-paying jobs in the private sector after retirement, for instance, might decide to frame policies that favour certain private businesses of their choice while they are in power. Similarly, people in the private sector can use their financial influence to lobby their way into positions of power in the government.
5. A govt. app to rope in volunteers
Professionals keen on doing volunteer work in their free time will be provided a platform by the government through an app, #Self4Society, developed by MyGov. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch the app at a townhall-style event here on October 24.
“The app will have incentives, gamification and intra- and inter-company competitions, and social networking. At first, this will be aimed at IT companies, with more joining in when it takes off,” said a source.
The volunteer time for the government’s flagship programmes such as Swachh Bharat is expected to increase.
The townhall-style inauguration will be attended by 2,000 in the city, and thousands more will join from other cities through video link.
6. Korean war memorial to be built in Delhi
A Korean War memorial will be built in to commemorate India’s role in the war which ended in an armistice in 1953.
“India and South Korea have agreed on building the war memorial. Administrative processes are on,” South Korean Ambassador in India Shin Bongkil said. He was speaking at a seminar organised by the Vivekananda International Foundation on Tuesday.
There were 21 countries which participated in the Korean War of 1950-53 of which 16 countries had sent combat troops. India sent medical teams and a custodian force to deal with the Prisoners of War (PoW).
As of now, there are Korean War memorials in about 20 countries around the world which had played a role in the war.
7. IAF contest for swarm drones technology
In a first for the Indian defence sector, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has announced a Mehar Baba prize under which individuals, start-ups and other “for profit” entities can compete to build a swarm of 50 drones to be employed in Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations. Up to three winners will get up to ₹10 lakh in prize and a co-production opportunity towards a ₹100-crore order for induction of their drone swarms, an IAF officer said. The deadline to submit proposals for the competition is November 14.
8. ‘Personal computing would not have existed without him’
Paul G. Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft who helped usher in the personal computing revolution and then channelled his enormous fortune into transforming Seattle into a cultural destination, died Monday in Seattle. He was 65.
Mr. Allen was a force at Microsoft during its first seven years, along with his co-founder, Bill Gates, as the personal computer was moving from a hobbyist curiosity to a mainstream technology, used by both businesses and consumers.
The company’s first product was a much-compressed version of the Basic programming language, designed to suit those underpowered machines. Yet, the company’s big move came when it promised computer giant IBM that it would deliver the operating system software for IBM’s entry into the personal computer business. Mr. Gates and Mr. Allen committed to supplying that software in 1980.
9. RBI clears 3-year term for Sandeep Bakhshi
The Reserve Bank of India has approved the appointment of Sandeep Bakhshi as the managing director and chief executive officer of ICICI Bank for three years, as against a five-year term sought by the lender, with effective from October 15, the bank informed the exchanges. Mr. Bakhshi was elevated from the post of COO to MD and CEO after the resignation of Chanda Kochhar on October 4.
10. Alembic gets USFDA nod for diabetes drug
Alembic Pharmaceuticals said it had received tentative nod from the U.S. health regulator for its Alogliptin tablets used for treatment of type 2 diabetes. The firm has received tentative approval from the USFDA for its Alogliptin tablets in the strengths of 6.25 mg, 12.5 mg and 25mg, the firm said in a BSE filing. The product is a generic version of Takeda Pharms USA’s Nesina tablets.
11. Suraj Panwar walks to silver
Suraj Panwar Soren clinched the silver medal in the men’s 5000m race walk event at the Youth Olympic Games, to open India’s account in athletics in the third edition.
Suraj had finished second in the 10,000m race walk, behind China’s Xin Wang, at the Youth Olympics’ Asia Area qualification meet in Bangkok in July. Incidentally, Xin suffered a disqualification here.
12. Russia WC added $14b to economy: organisers
The 2018 World Cup added more than $14 billion to the Russian economy, more than one per cent of the country’s GDP, tournament organisers said on Tuesday. The figure was revealed in a report on the economic, social and environmental impact of the tournament by Alexey Sorokin, the CEO of Russia’s World Cup organising committee.
13. 3 Indian students in finals of global science contest
Three Indian students have made it to the finals of the prestigious annual Breakthrough Junior Challenge, a global science competition for teenagers to share their passion for mathematics and science.
The three Indian students are among 15 finalists, chosen from 12,000 students who had submitted engaging and imaginative videos to demonstrate difficult scientific concepts.
Samay Godika, 16; Nikhiya Shamsher, 16, and Kavya Negi, 18, will be competing with the finalists for a $250,000 scholarship. The science teacher who inspired the winning student will get $50,000. The winner’s school will receive a state-of-the-art science lab worth $100,000.
Nikhiya, from Bengaluru, was the top scorer in the popular vote contest with more than 25,000 likes, shares and positive reactions for her video on spacetime and gravity posted on the Breakthrough Facebook page. Nikhiya describes herself as an inventor and innovator. She has a patent pending on a home-based salivary diagnostic test for chronic smokers to detect the risk of oral cancer.
14. Chandra Observatory is back in action: NASA
NASA’s Chandra X-ray telescope — which observes galaxies from the Earth’s orbit — is back in action after suffering a technical glitch and going into safe mode last week, the U.S. space agency said. The glitch occurred in one of Chandra’s gyroscopes, scientists said.
International Cricket Council (ICC)
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO)
National Green Tribunal (NGT)
16. Things to Remember:
Chief Minister of Kerela – Pinarayi Vijayan
Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison
17. Improve your Vocabulary:
Meaning – A situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock.
Example – ‘the current political impasse’
Synonyms – deadlock, dead end, stalemate, checkmate, stand-off
Current Affairs is an important GK topic for UPSC, NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Air force X & Y Groups, SSC, and other competitive exams. Every year in UPSC, SSC and Bank there are few questions from Current Affairs.