Current Affairs for NDA CDS AFCAT Airforce X&Y Groups Jan 09, 2019

/Current Affairs for NDA CDS AFCAT Airforce X&Y Groups Jan 09, 2019
Current Affairs for NDA CDS AFCAT Airforce X&Y Groups Jan 09, 2019 2019-01-10T06:26:55+00:00

Current Affairs for NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Airforce X&Y Groups – News
Analysis from THE HINDU (January 09, 2019)

1. 10% quota for the poor gets LS approval

The Lok Sabha on Tuesday passed a Bill allowing 10% quota in
employment and education for the general category candidates who belong to the
economically weaker sections.

The Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill, 2019, introduced by
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot, was cleared
with a majority of the members (319) voting for it, and four against. The Rajya
Sabha will take it up on Wednesday.

However, the Opposition questioned the haste with which the
government introduced the Bill, on the last day of the winter session.

2. Lok Sabha passes Citizenship Bill amidst Congress walkout

The Lok Sabha on Tuesday passed the contentious Citizenship
(Amendment) Bill, 2019, that seeks to provide citizenship to non-Muslims from
Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Home Minister Rajnath Singh, who introduced the Bill in the
Lok Sabha, said the six communities — Hindus, Jains, Christians, Sikhs,
Buddhists and Parsis from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan — faced
“discrimination and religious persecution” and they “have no place to go,
except India.”

3. Parliamentary committee pulls up Defence Ministry

The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence has made
serious observations on the limited budgetary allocations made by the Ministry
of Defence for the armed forces, which do not even meet the requirements.

“… the amount allocated under the capital budget for 2018-19
does not even fulfil the Ministry of Defence’s obligations towards committed
liabilities,” it said in the action taken report by the government on the
recommendations/observations in the 41st report, which was presented in
Parliament on Monday.

The Ministry of Defence projected a requirement of
₹1,72,203.30 crore, including ₹1,10,043.78 crore for committed liabilities and
₹31,434.88 crore for new schemes. However, only ₹93,982.13 crore was allocated
by the Ministry of Finance.

4. Extreme male brain

Biology

Also known as the empathising-systemising theory, this
refers to a theory of autism which states that the condition may be the result
of overexposure of foetuses to testosterone from their mothers. Such
overexposure to testosterone may cause the brains of people with autism to
specifically adapt to analyse and construct systems while severely lacking in
the ability to empathise with fellow human beings. The extreme male brain
theory was proposed by British clinical psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen. It derives
its name from the fact that the male brain is typically suited for systemising
purposes while the female brain is built for empathising.

5. Lok Sabha passes DNA technology Bill

The Lok Sabha on Tuesday passed a bill that allows regulated
use of DNA technology to establish the identity of certain defined categories
of persons, including offenders, suspects, and undertrials.

The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill
allows the use of the technology to establish the identity of persons in
matters of crime, parentage dispute, emigration or immigration and
transplantation of human organs.

The Bill provides for establishment of national and regional
DNA data banks and each data will maintain the indices, including crime scene
index, suspects’ or undertrials’ index and offenders’ index.

6. Trade union Bill introduced in Lok Sabha

Amid protests, the government on Tuesday introduced a Bill
in the Lok Sabha to amend the Trade Unions Act, 1926.

The Bill, the government said, would grant recognition to
trade unions, ensure representation of workers in tripartite bodies and check
arbitrary nomination by the government.

7. Kim arrives in Beijing for talks with Xi

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un arrived in the Chinese
capital in the early hours on Tuesday for consultations with ahead of a likely
second round of talks with U.S. President Donald Trump.

The talks are taking place amid signs that the dialogue
between Mr. Kim and Mr. Trump could be held either in Hanoi, Bangkok or Hawaii.
The two leaders had last met in Singapore for their first meeting last June.

8. Customers cannot be charged for availing tokenisation service: RBI

The Reserve of India (RBI) has allowed all card payment
networks to offer tokenisation service. However, the central bank has made it
clear that no charges should be recovered from the customer for availing this
service.

Tokenisation involves a process in which a unique token
masks sensitive card details. The token is then used to perform card
transactions in contact-less mode at Point Of Sale (POS) terminals, Quick
Response (QR) code payments, etc.

The RBI has allowed card payment networks to offer card
tokenisation services to any token requestor, that is, a third party app
provider. A card holder can avail of these services by registering the card on
the token requestor’s app and after giving ‘explicit consent’.

“All extant instructions of Reserve Bank on safety and
security of card transactions, including the mandate for additional factor of
authentication (AFA) / PIN entry shall be applicable for tokenised card
transactions also,” the RBI said in a release.

“This permission extends to all use cases/channels [e.g.,
Near-Field Communication (NFC) / Magnetic Secure Transmission (MST)-based
contact-less transactions, in-app payments, QR code-based payments etc.] or
token storage mechanisms (cloud, secure element, trusted execution environment
etc.). For the present, this facility shall be offered through mobile
phones/tablets only. Its extension to other devices will be examined later
based on the experience gained,” the RBI said.

9. Gopinath joins IMF as chief economist

Mysore-born Gita Gopinath has joined International Monetary
Fund as its chief economist, becoming the first woman to occupy the top IMF
post. Ms. Gopinath joined last week at a time, when she believes the world is
experiencing a retreat from globalisation, posing challenges to multilateral
institutions.

The John Zwaanstra professor of International Studies and
Economics at Harvard University succeeds Maurice (Maury) Obstfeld as Economic
Counsellor and Director of the IMF’s Research Department.

Mr. Obstfeld retired on December 31.

10. RBI: Jalan panel holds first meeting

A high-level panel led by former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan on
Tuesday held its first meeting to decide on an appropriate size of reserves
that the central bank should maintain and the dividend it should give to the
government.

The six-member committee is likely to submit its report in
April, sources said.

The panel has been entrusted with the task of reviewing the
best practices followed by central banks worldwide in making assessments and
provisions for risks to which a central bank’s balance sheet is subject to.

11. Çelebi Aviation lands Hyderabad airport deal

Çelebi Aviation Holding has won the ground handling licence
for Hyderabad’s Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (RGIA) for 10 years under a
competitive bidding process.

Çelebi said it would be investing $5-6 million and partner
RGIA to offer modern and technologically-backed services to over 20 million
passengers.

The contract was won on the basis of a highly competitive
bidding process that assessed the technical and financial qualifications of
multiple global ground handling players who participated in the bid, Çelebi
said in a release. This is the third win for Çelebi since last year — it has
bagged the licence for Bengaluru and Kannur airports.

The year gone by marked the 10th anniversary of the Indian
operations of Çelebi Aviation.

The CEO of Indian operations of Çelebi Aviation Holding Inc.
Murali Ramachandran said, “India is a key market for us. The partnership with
RGIA is an important benchmark in our decade-long journey as it sets another
milestone towards our efforts to strengthenpresence in the India aviation
market.”

In India, Çelebi is present across India’s top three
airports — Mumbai, Delhi and Bengaluru.

12. IPL to stay in India this year

This year’s Indian Premier League (IPL) will be held in
India from March 23.

The decision was taken here on Tuesday following a meeting
of the Committee of Administrators with authorities concerned.

The BCCI confirmed that the IPL will be staged in India
despite the general elections.

The two-member CoA — Vinod Rai and Diana Edulji — met
government officials here and decided to advance the IPL dates on account of
the ICC World Cup to be held in England from May 30.

The new BCCI constitution mandates a 15-day gap between the
end of IPL and India’s international assignments.

In the past, IPL was twice staged out of India. The 2009
edition was played entirely in South Africa, while in 2014 some matches were
held in the UAE.

13. USA Cricket becomes ICC’s 105th member

The International Cricket Council (ICC) on Tuesday announced
USA Cricket as its 105th member. The latter is now eligible to receive funding
in accordance with the ICC Development Funding Policy and can sanction domestic
and international cricket in USA.

14. NASA’s probe discovers a new planet

NASA’s latest planet-hunting probe has discovered a new
world outside our solar system, orbiting a dwarf star 53 light years away.

This is the third new planet confirmed by the Transiting
Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) since its launch in April last year.

The planet, named HD 21749b, orbits a bright, nearby dwarf
star about 53 light years away, in the constellation Reticulum, and appears to
have the longest orbital period of the three planets so far identified by TESS.

HD 21749b journeys around its star in a relatively leisurely
36 days, compared to the two other planets — Pi Mensae b, a “super-Earth” with
a 6.3-day orbit, and LHS 3844b, a rocky world that speeds around its star in
just 11 hours.

All three planets were discovered in the first three months
of TESS observations. “It’s the coolest small planet that we know of around a
star this bright,” said Diana Dragomir, a researcher in the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology (MIT), who led the discovery.

15. Malala pens new book

Nobel Peace Prize winner and Pakistani activist Malala
Yousafzai has written a new book, charting her experiences travelling the world
and visiting refugee camps. Titled We are Displaced, the book will hit the
stands in India on Wednesday. It has eight pages of colour inserts.

Publishers Weidenfeld & Nicolson and Hachette India said
that her travels through the refugee camps led her to reconsider her own
displacement.

16. Abbreviations:

Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP)

Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA)

17. Things to Remember:

Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Ram Vilas Paswan

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley

Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg

18. Improve your Vocabulary:

incumbent

Meaning 1 – (incumbent on/upon) Necessary for (someone) as a
duty or responsibility.

Example – ‘the government realized that it was incumbent on
them to act’

Synonyms – binding, obligatory, mandatory, necessary,
compulsory, required, requisite, essential, imperative

Meaning 2 – (of an official or regime) currently holding
office.

Example – ‘the incumbent President was defeated’

Synonyms – current, existing, present, in office, in power

Current Affairs is an important GK topic for UPSC, NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Air
force X & Y Groups, SSC, and other competitive exams. Every year in UPSC,
SSC and Bank there are few questions from Current Affairs

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