Current Affairs for NDA CDS AFCAT Airforce X&Y Groups Jan 01, 2019

/Current Affairs for NDA CDS AFCAT Airforce X&Y Groups Jan 01, 2019
Current Affairs for NDA CDS AFCAT Airforce X&Y Groups Jan 01, 2019 2019-01-01T19:43:34+00:00

Current Affairs for NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Airforce X&Y Groups – News
Analysis from THE HINDU (January 01, 2019)

1. Govt. rejects demand to send triple talaq bill to House panel

The government on Monday rejected the Opposition’s demand in
the Rajya Sabha to send the contentious Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on
Marriage) Bill, 2018, to a joint select committee for further scrutiny.

The House was adjourned after heated exchanges between the
treasury and Opposition benches.

The Bill will be taken up again on Wednesday, when the House
meets after a break for New Year’s Day. The legislation was cleared by the Lok
Sabha on Friday.

The government is in an uncomfortable position, with at
least three parties, including NDA ally Janata Dal (United), opposed to the
legislation.

2. 2018 was a landmark year for BJP, women in Northeast

The Bharatiya Janata Party expanded its footprint across the
Northeast in 2018 by forming coalition governments in Manipur, Nagaland and
Tripura. But a regional party, Mizo National Front, struck the final blow in
Mizoram to make the region “Congress-free”.

The year was also the best and the worst for women in the
Northeast. Assam’s sprinter Hima Das made history for Indian athletics by
striking gold in the 400m at the World U-20 Athletics championship in Finland
and Manipur pugilist M.C. Mary Kom created a world record at 35 by winning her
sixth gold at the World Women Boxing championship. Assam’s Rima Das became a
household name when her low-budget film Village Rockstars got the best national
film award and was nominated as India’s entry for the Oscars in the best
foreign films category.

On the flip side, Meghalaya-based activists Agnes Kharshiing
and Amita Sangma battled for life after members of alleged coal mafia assaulted
them for following and documenting illegally stacked coal and coal-laden
trucks. The assault on them and a mishap in an illegal mine at Ksan in the
State’s East Jaintia Hills district a month later put the spotlight on an
unholy nexus that encourages coal mine owners – many of them lawmakers – flout
an April 2014 ban by NGT on ‘rat-hole’ mining with impunity.

NRC, Citizenship Bill

The issue that hogged the headlines was that of exercise to
update the National Register of Citizens in Assam and the Narendra Modi
government’s bid to pass the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, that seeks to
legitimise the stay of non-Muslims who migrated from Afghanistan, Bangladesh
and Pakistan till December 2014 due to alleged religious persecution.

The defining moment of the NRC exercise began past the
midnight of December 31, 2017, with the publication of the first draft that
accommodated 1.39 crore out of the 3.29 crore applicants. The complete draft
was released on July 31 with the names of 40.07 lakh people left out of the
list. The claims and objections round for the excluded to be back on the list
by producing relevant proof of citizenship ends on December 31.

The crowning glory for Assam was the appointment of Ranjan
Gogoi, the man at the helm of the Supreme Court-monitored NRC, as the first
Chief Justice of the apex court from the Northeast.

3. ASI declared 6 monuments of national importance in 2018

The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur,
Maharashtra, and two Mughal-era monuments in Agra — Haveli of Agha Khan and
Hathi Khana — are among the six monuments declared protected and of national
importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 2018.

Heritage sites

The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan’s Alwar district;
the Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha’s Bolangir; and the Vishnu
Temple in Kotali, Pithoragarh district, Uttarkhand, are the three other
monuments that have been listed.

In 2016 and 2017, no new monument was included in the list
of sites of national importance. The last monument to be included in the list,
in 2015, was the Vishnu Temple in Nadavayal in Kerala’s Wayanad district.

The list was presented in the Lok Sabha on December 24,
2018, by the Ministry of Culture in response to a question by the Shiv Sena MP
from Ramtek, Krupal Balaji Tumane. Replying to the question, the Ministry said
that the ASI takes up a survey for documenting/reporting ancient
monuments/sites through exploration, and that a village-to-village survey and
conservation of monuments is a continuous process.

According to the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites
and Remains Act, 1958, an “Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or
monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture,
inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic
interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years.”

There were 3,686 centrally protected monuments/sites under
the ASI in the country; the number has now increased to 3,693. Uttar Pradesh
(745 monuments/sites), Karnataka (506) and Tamil Nadu (413) have the highest
number of ASI-maintained sites.

4. RERA (Real Estate Regulatory Authority) Act, 2016

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 is an
Act of the Parliament of India which seeks to protect home-buyers as well as
help boost investments in the real estate industry. Wikipedia

Date signed: 25 March 2016

Date assented to: 25 March 2016

Bill published on: 14 August 2013

Bill: Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill, 2016

Date commenced: 01 May 2016 (59 of 92 sections notified); 01
May 2017 (remaining)

Enacted by: Parliament of India

Introduced by: Dr. Girija Vyas, Minister of Housing and
Urban Poverty Alleviation

5. Centre gives ₹1,146.12 cr. more for cyclone relief

A high-level committee, chaired by Union Home Minister
Rajnath Singh, on Monday approved an additional ₹1,146.12 crore to Tamil Nadu
from the National Disaster Response Fund for relief in the districts ravaged by
Cyclone Gaja.

6. Hasina’s triumph

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s party was always
going to win Sunday’s parliamentary election. She remains immensely popular,
her government sought a fresh mandate with a formidable record of economic
growth and social progress and her party, the Awami League, set the agenda for
the election and dominated the campaign. Still, the scale of the victory would
have taken even her supporters by surprise. The party’s Grand Alliance won 288
of the 299 seats contested, more than the 234 seats it won in 2014 when the
Bangladesh Nationalist Party boycotted the poll. This time, the Opposition
coalition Jatiya Oikya Front, led by the BNP, secured only seven seats. But
there are conflicting claims about the way the election was conducted. As soon
as the results were known, Kamal Hossain, the leader of the Opposition
coalition, called it a farcical election and demanded that the Election
Commission call a fresh poll. More than 40 Opposition candidates pulled out of
the race after voting began on Sunday, alleging rigging. However, the Election
Monitoring Forum and the SAARC Human Rights Foundation, which includes both
local and international observers, said in its preliminary evaluation that the
election was “much freer and fairer” than previous ones. In the past,
Bangladesh had seen governments declining to hold elections, one being
cancelled and called again, and others being delayed amid violence. This time
the election was called on time. Participation was higher, with the turnout at
66%, compared to 51% in 2014.

The challenge before Ms. Hasina is daunting. To begin with,
she has to heal a country rattled by political divisions and violence. The
government and the Election Commission could have held the election without
being open to charges that it was manipulated. There was a crackdown on the
Opposition in the run-up to polling day. Pro-Opposition websites were taken
down, thousands of activists were jailed, and political violence was unleashed
to target BNP members. The situation was so grave that even one of the election
commissioners said there was no level playing field. The Election Commission
should conduct a fair investigation into allegations of rigging to restore
faith in the poll process. Ms. Hasina should reach out to the Opposition. Her
otherwise impressive record has been marred by her government’s authoritarian
character. The victory is a chance for Ms. Hasina to mend her ways, to be more
inclusive and run a government that respects the rule of law, the basic rights
of citizens and institutional freedom. For India, Ms. Hasina’s victory is good
news. New Delhi and Dhaka have deepened economic, security and strategic ties
under her leadership. This should continue, no matter what the general election
outcome in India in 2019.

7. Kübler-Ross model

Psychology

This refers to the five emotional stages that a person
usually goes through during a period of grief. They are denial, anger,
bargaining, depression, and acceptance. However, not all people who experience
grief go through all these stages. Some people may skip past some of the
stages. The duration of each stage of grief may also vary from person to person
depending on various reasons. The Kübler-Ross model was first proposed by Swiss
psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book On Death and Dying, based
on her study of patients who were terminally ill.

8. JPC clears its report on citizenship Bill

The Joint Parliamentary Committee on the Citizenship
Amendment Bill 2016, which proposes citizenship to persecuted minorities
barring Muslims from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, is likely to table
its report on January 7 on the penultimate day of the winter session of
Parliament as the panel on Monday cleared the report rejecting all amendments
moved by the Opposition.

At Monday’s meeting, out of 30 members, all the 13 BJP
members were present. And only six Opposition members were present. The draft
report will be circulated on January 3 and it will be tabled on January 7. The
Opposition is now planning to file dissent notes to the joint committee’s
report.

The report will clear the decks for the legislation to
become a reality. The Bill proposes citizenship to six persecuted minorities —
Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists — from Pakistan,
Afghanistan and Bangladesh who came to India before 2014.

9. Sudhir Bhargava is new CIC chief

The government has appointed Sudhir Bhargava the new Chief
Information Commissioner. Four new members have also been appointed to the
Central Information Commission (CIC), taking its strength to seven. Four
vacancies still remain.

The CIC is the highest appeal body under the Right to
Information Act. It has been functioning with just three members since the
former chief and several members completed their tenure last month.

Mr. Bhargava, a former Secretary to the Social Justice
Ministry, will be sworn in by President Ram Nath Kovind on Tuesday. He has been
a Commissioner since June 2015, and will take over as the ninth chief of the
CIC. As all of his predecessors, he is a retired bureaucrat.

All four new commissioners are also retired bureaucrats.
Yashwardhan Kumar Sinha was High Commissioner to the U.K. Vanaja N. Sarna was
chief of the Central Board of Excise and Customs.

Suresh Chandra retired as Union Law Secretary earlier this
year. Neeraj Kumar Gupta was Secretary in the Department of Investment and
Public Asset Management.

10. LS passes medical council Bill

The Lok Sabha on Monday passed the Indian Medical Council
(Amendment) Bill to allow a panel of eminent professionals to run the
scam-tainted Medical Council of India (MCI) so that medical education can be
regulated in the best manner.

The Bill seeks to replace an ordinance issued in September
2018.

Health Minister Jagat Prakash Nadda said this Bill
superseded the MCI and the powers of the council had been vested in a Board of
Governors (BoG). The BoG will have all eminent personalities and include
directors of AIIMS and PGI, Chandigarh. This board will continue to perform
till a council is constituted, according to Mr. Nadda.

A separate Bill to replace the MCI with the National Medical
Commission is pending in Parliament. “This Bill has been issued so that medical
education can be regulated in the best manner,” he said.

11. V.K. Yadav is new Railway Board Chairman

V.K. Yadav, General Manager, South Central Railway, has been
appointed the new Railway Board Chairman. Mr. Yadav takes over from Ashwani
Lohani, who retired on Monday. He belongs to the 1980 batch of the Indian
Railway Service of Electrical Engineers. Mr. Lohani was appointed Chairman
after A.K. Mital resigned in August, 2017, following the derailment of the
Kaifiyat Express in Uttar Pradesh. 

12. New e-com norms spoil party for big players

It was bold a step by the government and a huge blow for the
big players in India’s e-commerce market. The new rules announced by the Centre
last week have indeed spoilt the year-end party for the likes of
Flipkart-Walmart and Amazon.

These big players in the e-commerce space are now forced to
go into an huddle, and devise a new way out to sustain their business
aspirations in India.

More than anybody else, these players will be hit hard as
they run their enterprises in India on a marketplace model, which does allow
them the luxury of having foreign direct investment (FDI).

The tightening of the e-commerce rules must be seen in the
context of alleged misuse of this marketplace model by many an e-commerce firm.

These firms have been said to use a circuitous mechanism to
get around the restrictions in a marketplace model. The back-door window is now
effectively shut for them.

Essentially, the new rules prohibit any equity relationship
between marketplace e-commerce players or their associate firms with vendors.

Should there be any such understanding between them, the
vendors will then not be allowed to sell their products through the platform
owned by the instant e-commerce company. Also, the new rules explicitly talk
about an arm’s length relationship between them.

Should a vendor source over 25% of their inventory from an
e-commerce company or firms controlled by it, then it would be disallowed from
selling its product on that e-commerce platform.

The rules will have immediate cost implications for
Walmart-Flipkart, Amazon and the like, who have built up huge inventory (using
their group firms to stock up with vendors who sell on their platforms).

13. Iran oil: no tax on rupee payments

The Finance Ministry has exempted rupee payments made to the
National Iranian Oil Co. (NIOC) for crude oil imports from a steep withholding
tax, according to a government order reviewed by .

The exemption will allow Indian refiners to settle about
$1.5 billion of outstanding payments to NIOC. The two nations on November 2
signed a pact to settle oil trades through UCO Bank in rupees, currency not
freely traded on international markets.

14. Smriti wins two ICC awards

Smriti Mandhana was on Monday adjudged the Women’s Cricketer
of the Year as well as the Women’s ODI Player of the Year by the ICC.

Left-handed opener Smriti won the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Award
for the Women’s Cricketer of the Year for scoring 669 runs in 12 ODIs, along
with 622 runs in 25 T20Is in 2018. Her ODI runs came at 66.90 while her
strike-rate for T20Is was 130.67. Smriti played a crucial role in India’s
semifinal appearance at the Women’s World T20 in the West Indies, where she
scored 178 runs in five matches at a strike-rate of 125.35.

Smriti became only the second India woman player to win an
ICC award after fast bowler Jhulan Goswami, who was named the ICC Player of the
Year in 2007.

England’s 19-year-old left-arm spinner Sophie Ecclestone has
been voted the Emerging Player of the Year after grabbing 18 wickets in nine
ODIs and 17 in 14 T20Is during the calendar year.

15. Harmanpreet Kaur named captain

Harmanpreet Kaur was on Monday named captain of the ICC Women’s
T20I Team-of-the-Year, which also includes Smriti Mandhana and Poonam Yadav.

Opening batswoman Smriti and leg-spinner Poonam were also
included in the ODI team, which has New Zealander Suzie Bates as captain.

The ODI and T20 sides were selected by a voting academy,
which has former players like Lisa Sthalekar, Charlotte Edwards, Anjum Chopra
and members of the media, and took into consideration performances in the 2018
calendar year.

Besides the Indians, Australia’s Alyssa Healy and Suzie
Bates of New Zealand are the other players who feature in both the ODI and T20I
squads.

16. Spaceship zooms towards distant mysterious world

A NASA spaceship is zooming toward the farthest, and quite
possibly the oldest, cosmic body ever photographed by humankind, a tiny,
distant world called Ultima Thule 6.4 billion kilometres away.

The mysterious object is in a dark and frigid region of
space known as the Kuiper Belt.

A guitar anthem recorded by legendary Queen guitarist Brian
May — who also holds an advanced degree in astrophysics — will accompany a
video simulation of the flyby on the NASA website.

Real-time video of the actual flyby is impossible, since it
takes more six hours for a signal sent from Earth to reach the spaceship, named
New Horizons, and another six hours for the response to arrive.

17. Foreigners can now fly directly to Andamans

Foreign tourists can now directly fly to the Andaman and
Nicobar Islands as the government has designated Port Blair airport as an
authorised immigration check post for entry into and exit point from India.

The decision to open up the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
directly for foreign tourists came after it was found to be the most
sought-after tourist destination in the country receiving an average four lakh
tourists, including several thousand foreigners, annually.

18. Abbreviations:

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)

RERA (Real Estate Regulatory Authority) Act

National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

19. Things to Remember:

Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Kumar Chamling

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi

Sudhir Bhargava is new CIC chief

20. Improve your Vocabulary:

enactment

Meaning 1 – The process of passing legislation.

Example – ‘the enactment of equal pay legislation’

Synonyms – passing, making law, ratification, ratifying,
validation, validating, sanction, sanctioning, approval, approving,
endorsement, adoption

Meaning 1.1 – A law that is passed.

Example – ‘enactments covering food safety’

Synonyms – bill, act, law, by-law, order, decree,
resolution, ruling, rule, regulation, statute, edict, measure, motion, command,
commandment, pronouncement, proclamation, dictate, dictum, diktat, fiat

Meaning 2 – An instance of acting something out.

Example – ‘the story becomes an enactment of his fantasies’

Synonyms – acting, playing, performing, performance,
staging, appearance

Current Affairs is an important GK topic for UPSC, NDA, CDS, AFCAT, Air
force X & Y Groups, SSC, and other competitive exams. Every year in UPSC,
SSC and Bank there are few questions from Current Affairs

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