The Hindu – September 18, 2018

//The Hindu – September 18, 2018

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The Hindu – September 18, 2018

Current Affairs in English- The Hindu

2018, September Current Affairs in English by The Hindu

1. Merger of BoB, Vijaya & Dena banks proposed

The Centre on Monday proposed the amalgamation of state-owned Bank of Baroda, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank to create India’s third-largest bank.

The decision was taken at the meeting of a ministerial panel, headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, which oversees merger proposals of state-owned banks. The other members of the panel include Railways Minister Piyush Goyal and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

2. Monthly pension of workers hiked in Haryana

The monthly pension of workers, who are registered with the Construction Workers Welfare Board, was hiked from ₹1,000 to ₹ 2,500 in Haryana on Monday, Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar said. He also announced the setting up of the Haryana Unorganised Workers Social Security Board.

3. India’s first woman IAS officer dead

Anna Rajam Malhotra, 91, joined civil services in 1951 and opted for the Madras cadre

India’s first woman IAS officer after Independence, Anna Rajam Malhotra, who served in the Madras State under then Chief Minister C. Rajagopalachari and at the Central government, died in Mumbai on Monday. She was 91.

Born Anna Rajam George in Kerala’s Ernakulam district in July 1927, she moved to Chennai after her schooling in Kozhikode to pursue higher education at the University of Madras. She later married R.N. Malhotra, who served as Governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1985 to 1990.

Ms. Malhotra joined the civil services in 1951 and opted for the Madras cadre. Though the interview board sought to convince her that the Foreign Service and the Central Services were “suitable for women”, she insisted on joining the civil service.

The officer worked under seven Chief Ministers and also with Rajiv Gandhi, when as an MP in 1982, he was in-charge of the Asian Games project in Delhi. Ms. Malhotra also accompanied former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on an eight-nation tour and had served in the personnel section of the Union Home Ministry.

She also successfully executed the construction of India’s first computerised port Nhava Sheva (Jawaharlal Nehru Port) in Mumbai as its chairperson. Current affairs in English by The Tutors Academy.

4. SC allows sale of Saridon, 3 other drugs

Current Affairs in English

Popular painkiller Saridon will be available in medical stores across the country, with the Supreme Court on Monday allowing the sale of the drug and three other banned fixed dose combinations (FDCs).

A Bench of Justices R.F. Nariman and Indu Malhotra issued notice to the Centre and sought its reply on the plea filed by some drug makers and pharma associations.

The medicines whose sale was allowed were Piramal Healthcare’s Saridon, GlaxoSmithKline’s Piriton, Juggat Pharma’s Dart and another drug, the details of which could not be immediately known.

The top court, however, did not grant any relief to the other medicines falling in the list of 328 FDC drugs which were banned by the Health Ministry by its September 7 notification.

5. The origins of alcohol

The origins of alcohol

A 2014 study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences argued that a single genetic mutation 10 million years ago equipped pre-humans to break down ethanol and allowed them to digest rotting, fermenting fruit that fell on the forest floor.

The findings were a result of multiple excavations carried out as part of a project between Stanford University, U.S., and the University of Haifa, Israel. The Natufians were a “semi-sedentary, foraging people, who lived in the Eastern Mediterranean between the Palaeolithic and the Neolithic periods, following the last Ice Age”. The Natufians at Raqefet Cave collected available plants, stored malted seeds, and made beer as a part of their rituals. The Natufian burial area comprised 30 skeletons, flint tools, animal bones and groundstone implements, and about 100 stone mortars and cup marks. “Some of the skeletons are well preserved and provide direct dates and even human DNA,” said Dani Nadel, from the University of Haifa.

The archaeologists say that the Natufians exploited at least seven plant types associated with the mortars, including wheat or barley, oat, legumes and bast fibres (including flax). They packed plant food in fibre-made containers and stored them in boulder mortars.

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6. Shell shock

Psychology

This refers to the psychological damage in human beings that is induced by prolonged exposure to various stressful combat situations like wars which involve extreme levels of violence. It is characterised by symptoms like a high degree of fear, hypersensitivity to even mild stress, the general inability to maintain a normal state of mind and other physical ailments. The term was coined by English psychologist Charles Myers during World War I to describe the psychological stress experienced by soldiers in the battlefield and is often considered to be the predecessor to the development of the modern concept of post-traumatic stress disorder.

7. Chinese intrusions declined by 10% this year, says official

There has been a 10% decline in the number of Chinese transgressions this year, a senior government official told The Hindu.

The official said the presence of Chinese troops along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) has also reduced by around 30%. The manpower has been substituted with powerful surveillance equipment, he said.

Minister of State for Defence Subhash Bhamre informed the Rajya Sabha on February 5 that the number of transgressions was 426 in 2017.

The official claimed that the transgressions dropped after the 73-day standoff between the Indian Army and the Chinese People’s Liberation Army at Doklam on the China-Sikkim-Bhutan tri-junction near Nathu La last year.

8. NITI Aayog for clear policy on ‘jhum’ cultivation

A recent NITI Aayog publication on shifting cultivation which is particularly practised in the northeastern States, has recommended that the Ministry of Agriculture should take up a “mission on shifting cultivation” to ensure inter-ministerial convergence between ministries.

Locally referred to as jhum cultivation, this practice is considered as an important mainstay of food production for a considerable population in northeast India in States like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Manipur.

The publication notes that between 2000 and 2010, the land under shifting cultivation dropped by 70 %.

The publication also addresses the issue of food and nutritional security of communities involved in jhum cultivation during transition and transformation by broadening the public distribution system (PDS) to ensure widespread access to cereals and other basic food items.

9. Bangladesh to provide India access to key ports

Current Affairs in English

Bangladesh’s Cabinet on Monday approved the draft of a proposed agreement with India to allow it to use the Chittagong and Mongla sea ports for transporting goods to and from the northeastern States. The agreement will be effective for five years. Get more current affairs in English- The Hindu.

10. Abbreviations:

Non-Performing Assets (NPAs)
Line of Actual Control (LAC)

11. Things to Remember:

Chief Minister of Haryana – Manohar Lal Khattar
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani
U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May

12. Improve your Vocabulary:

turmoil

Meaning – A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

Example – ‘the country was in turmoil’
Example – ‘he endured years of inner turmoil’
Synonyms: confusion, upheaval, upheavals, turbulence, tumult, disorder, commotion, disturbance, agitation, ferment, unrest, trouble, disruption, upset, convulsions, chaos, mayhem, pandemonium, bedlam, uproar, in confusion, in a whirl, at sixes and sevens.

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