The Hindu – September 05, 2018

//The Hindu – September 05, 2018

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The Hindu – September 05, 2018

Latest News Updates- The Hindu

1. Google to help EC track political ads.

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With poll season round the corner, Google, which controls the lion’s share of the digital advertising market, will soon be helping the Election Commission (EC) keep tabs on online political advertising. The tech giant will develop a mechanism that will not only ensure pre-certification of political advertisements but also enable it to share with the authority details of the expenditure incurred on its platforms. Chief Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat on Tuesday said a Google representative met a committee set up to explore possible modifications in Section 126 (election silence) and other provisions of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, in view of the expansion and diversity of media platforms.

Pre-certification

At the meeting, the representative told the Commission that the company would keep track of political advertisements and ensure that they were pre-certified by the Election Commision’s Media Certification and Monitoring Committees. This would entail Google asking prospective clients, whenever an order is placed, whether they have been pre-certified. The Commission is the nodal body for pre-certification of advertisements of a political nature, released by either an individual or an organisation. (Latest News Updates)

Election expenditure

Google has also assured the committee that it would set up a mechanism for sharing information on the cost of the political advertisements. This would be of use to Returning Officers when it comes to calculating the election expenditure of individual candidates.

Facebook tools

The EC’s committee had earlier held meetings with Facebook, which has also agreed to develop tools for removing any content pertaining to election matters during the 48-hour period when the ‘prohibition protocol’ is in place. It is working on ways to check fake news and share details of expenditure on poll-related advertisements.

2. Arif Alvi is Pak. President

Arif Alvi, a close ally of Prime Minister Imran Khan and one of the founding members of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party, was elected as President of Pakistan on Tuesday, as the cricketer-turned-politician consolidated his grip on power. The 69-year-old former dentist defeated Pakistan Peoples Party candidate Aitzaz Ahsan and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz nominee Maulana Fazlur Rehman to become the 13th President. Of the 430 votes cast through a secret ballot in the National Assembly and the Senate, Dr. Alvi received 212 votes, Mr. Rehman 131 and Mr. Ahsan 81. Six votes were rejected, DawnNews reported, citing unofficial results. Dr. Alvi secured 45 of the 60 votes cast by Balochistan’s newly elected lawmakers, it said.

3. CJI Misra names Gogoi as successor

Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra on Tuesday recommended Justice Ranjan Gogoi as his successor and the 46th Chief Justice of India. Law Ministry sources confirmed the receipt of the recommendation letter of the CJI. If the government approves the recommendation, Justice Gogoi would have a tenure as Chief Justice of India of about 13 months, from October 3, 2018 till his retirement on November 17, 2019. CJI Misra has followed convention by recommending the next senior most Supreme Court judge, Justice Gogoi, as his successor. Justice Gogoi, born on November 18, 1954, is a native of Assam. He joined the Bar in 1978 and practised mainly in the Gauhati High Court. He was appointed as permanent judge of the High Court on February 28, 2001. He was transferred to the Punjab and Haryana High Court on September 9, 2010 and appointed its Chief Justice in February 2011. He was elevated to the Supreme Court on April 23, 2012. (Latest News Updates)

4. Section 144 imposed in five M.P. districts

Ahead of the proposed nationwide bandh on September 6, called by some organisations protesting against the SC/ST Amendment Bill passed in Parliament last month, Section 144 of the CrPC has been imposed in Gwalior (city), Bhind, Shivpuri, Guna and Ashok Nagar districts of Madhya Pradesh.

What is Section 144?

Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 empowers a magistrate to prohibit an assembly of more than four people in an area. According to sections 141-149 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the maximum punishment for engaging in rioting is rigorous imprisonment for 3 years and/or fine.

5. State panels to track hip implant patients

he Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has said that State-level committees consisting of two orthopaedic surgeons or physical medical rehabilitation experts and one radiologist from government hospital, a representative from the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) and drug controller of respective States should be formed to identify patients who have received the faulty hip implant by pharmaceutical giant Johnson & Johnson. J&J’s Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) hip implant manufactured by its subsidiary DePuy Orthopaedics was recalled globally in 2010 after reports of it leaching metals and causing severe pain, fluid accumulation, and metal poisoning in patients. However, till date, only 1,080 patients have reached out to the ASR helpline set up by the pharma company for guidance on revision surgeries and reimbursement process, and 275 have undergone revision surgeries. In 2011, the Maharashtra Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first initiated action against the pharmaceutical giant by registering an FIR at the Mahim police station in Mumbai and also alerting the DCGI.

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6. GM mustard trials may get nod soon

The environment ministry is set to convene this month a “special meeting” of the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) to decide on field-trial approvals for the controversial transgenic mustard developed by the University of Delhi’s Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants (CGMCP), according to a person familiar with the developments. The CGMCP had earlier applied to grow transgenic mustard (DMH-11) in plots in Delhi and Punjab to test the plant’s effects on honeybees after the GEAC, which had initially cleared the GM crop for “commercial cultivation”, backtracked and demanded more tests and additional data on honeybees and other pollinators and on soil microbial diversity.

7. Post Kerala floods, NGT stays ECs

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Citing the recent devastating floods in Kerala and the serious stress to the Western Ghats ecology, the National Green Tribunal has restrained six States in the region from giving environmental clearance to activities which may adversely affect the eco-sensitive areas. The six States are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The green panel allowed the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) to republish the draft notification of the Western Ghats that lapsed on August 26 and asked it to finalise the matter within six months without alterations to the eco-sensitive zone in terms of notification dated February 27, 2017.

8. MiG-27 crashes in Jodhpur, pilot safe

A MiG-27 fighter jet of the Air Force crashed in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, on Tuesday morning, but the pilot baled out.

9. The 2+2 talks must take into account U.S. policy as well as India’s own role in the region

A year after U.S. President Donald Trump announced his “South Asia policy” for Afghanistan, senior American officials will be in the region for talks this week. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defence Secretary James Mattis visit Delhi for the first 2+2 talks on Thursday with their Indian counterparts, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. Mr. Mattis is expected to come via Kabul, while Mr. Pompeo and U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Joseph Dunford, will swing by Islamabad.(Latest News Updates)

10. On a shrinking ‘island’ called Majuli

You can drive from Assam’s Lakhimpur district’s Dhakuakhana, on the northern bank of river Brahmaputra, to Majuli for most part of the year. This, perhaps, doesn’t make Majuli an island — geologically, a landmass completely surrounded by water — enough. But Majuli has often been viewed emotionally from the perspective of the people of Jorhat district on the southern bank, and for them it is a nodidwip (river island) whose nearest popular jetty, Kamalabari, is an hour’s ride from Neamatighat on a ferry. (2018Latest News Updates)

11. Double spending problem

Economics This refers to the potential risk that a digital currency unit could be spent more than just once. When a digital currency can be reproduced at a negligible cost, it can lead to users producing several copies of it in order to spend it multiple times. This can cause the supply of the currency to rise and lead to inflation in the prices of goods quoted in the digital currency units. The problem has been used to question the credibility of digital currencies. Various digital currencies, however, have managed to overcome the double spending problem through the use of public ledgers that record all transactions made by users and verify their authenticity.

12. CJI Dipak Misra names Gogoi as successor

He would be the first CJI from the north-eastern region. He is the son of Keshab Chandra Gogoi, a former Assam Chief Minister during the Indian National Congress regime in 1982. Justice Gogoi was one of the four most senior Supreme Court judges who held the January 12 press conference bringing up the issue of selective assignment of sensitive cases by recent CJIs to certain judges in the Supreme Court. Chief Justice Misra subsequently published a subject-wise roster of cases assigned to judges. In various judgments, one of them by a Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice Misra himself, the Supreme Court went on to declare the CJI the ‘master of roster’. The Benches led by Justice Gogoi have dealt largely with the issue of corruption in politics and public life. In fact, he has led the Bench which ordered the Centre to set up special courts to “exclusively” try MPs and MLAs as a means to de-criminalise politics.

13. Air India to get fresh infusion of funds

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The government has approved the first tranche of aid for Air India after its disinvestment process was suspended. “This includes ₹2,100-crore government-guaranteed borrowings and ₹860 crore of equity infusion,” Civil Aviation Secretary R.N. Choubey said on Tuesday.

14. Pakistan allows India to inspect Kotri barrage

Pakistan will allow India to inspect the Kotri barrage in the lower Indus, while New Delhi has agreed to Islamabad’s request for a special inspection of the hydroelectric projects in the Jhelum river basin, including the Kishanganga scheme, a Pakistani media report said on Tuesday. The decision was taken during last week’s meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission held in Lahore.

15. Breakthrough achieved in RCEP talks, claims India

Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu on Tuesday said that the negotiations for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) would not end in 2018, but would spill over to 2019, even as officials said there was a breakthrough in understanding India’s concerns at the meeting in Singapore on August 30-31. According to Mr. Prabhu, the 16-nation group accepted some key demands from India: on differential tariff regimes for different country groups like China, and in allowing a 20-year implementation period of the agreement. “The RCEP negotiations will not end in 2018 that has been agreed at the level of the leaders. But it will go on in 2019 as well,” the Minister said, speaking at the sidelines of a Coffee Board event, indicating that a “package of substantial deliverables” would be agreed to in November this year, but not the preferential trade agreement, which has been negotiated for more than six years, itself. Separate negotiations Of the 16 countries that have been negotiating for the RCEP, India does not have Free Trade Agreements with three countries — Australia, New Zealand and China, for which negotiations will now be separately held, in a “bilateral pairing mechanism”.

16. Lockheed, Tata in JV to make F-16 jet wings

In a major boost to the ‘Make in India’ initiative, American security and aerospace giant Lockheed Martin announced that the wings of its F-16 fighter jets will be produced in India. Maryland-based Lockheed Martin has entered into an agreement with Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL) for the project. Lockheed officials insisted that the planned F-16 wing production to India was not contingent on India selecting the F-16 for the Indian Air Force. Lockheed has offered to move its entire F-16 manufacturing base to India. India is yet to make a decision on it. Producing F-16 wings in India will support the Centre’s ‘Make in India’ initiative, company officials said. “Building F-16 wings in India is a natural next step that builds on our… partnerships with Tata on the C-130J [Super Hercules airlifter] and S-92 [helicopter],” said Vivek Lall, VP, strategy and business development, Lockheed Martin Aeronautics.

17. Cyient JV bags Army order for UAV systems

Cyient Solutions & Systems Pvt. Ltd., a joint venture between IT firm Cyient and BlueBird Aero Systems of Israel, has bagged an order from the Indian Army to supply mini UAV(unmanned aerial vehicle) systems for high altitude aerial surveillance. ‘Fully autonomous’ SpyLite is an advanced, combat-proven, electric, mini unmanned aerial system that is fully autonomous. From launch to accurate parachute recovery, it delivers enhanced reliability even in severe weather conditions, assuring long endurance and high operational availability, the firm said. BlueBird Aero Systems CEO Ronen Nadir said high performance, diverse capabilities, high reliability, low lifecycle cost and ease of use were the features of SpyLite. Defence and security forces around the world have come to rely on SpyLite, said N.J. Joseph, MD & CEO of Cyient Solutions & Systems. The firm provides Unmanned Aerial System -based intelligence gathering, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance capabilities for defence, homeland security and civilian applications.

18. Alpha-Elbit venture to add defence products

Alpha Design Technologies Ltd., Bengaluru, and Elbit Security Systems, Israel, plan to raise investments in their military devices JV and expand its products in the coming years, senior officials said. The combined investments in the 51:49 Alpha-Elsec Defence & Aerospace Systems may rise from $2.5 million so far to $50 million in the next 5 or more years, Alpha CMD Capt. H.S. Shankar (retd) said.

19. Om Prakash bags gold

Om Prakash Mitharval won the men’s 50m free pistol gold in the 52nd World shooting championship here on Tuesday. H became only the fourth World champion in shooting behind Abhinav Bindra, Manavjit Singh Sandhu and Tejaswini Sawant.

20. Japan to test mini ‘space elevator’

It’s the world’s first experiment to test travel between two mini satellites in space A Japanese team has developed a “space elevator” and will conduct a first trial this month, blasting off a miniature version on satellites to test the technology. The test equipment, produced by researchers at Shizuoka University, will hitch a ride on an H-2B rocket being launched by Japan’s space agency from southern island of Tanegashima next week. The test involves a miniature elevator stand-in — a box just 6 cm long, 3 cm wide, and 3 cm high. If all goes well, it will provide proof of concept by moving along a 10-metre cable suspended in space between two mini satellites that will keep it taut. The mini-elevator will travel along the cable from a container in one of the satellites. “It’s going to be the world’s first experiment to test elevator movement in space,” a university spokesman said on Tuesday. The movement of the motorised “elevator” box will be monitored with cameras in the satellites. It is still a far cry from the ultimate beam-me-up goals of the project, which builds on a long history of “space elevator” dreams.

21. Abbreviations:

Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) LEMOA, stands for Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement

22. Things to Remember:

Chief Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat New President of Pakistan – Arif Alvi West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) – Dr. S. Eswara Reddy Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu

23. Improve your Vocabuary:

cloak

Meaning – dress in a cloak. Example – “they sat cloaked and hooded” Synonyms – hide, cover, or disguise (something). Example – “she cloaked her embarrassment by rushing into speech” Synonyms – conceal, hide, cover, veil, shroud, screen, mask, cloud;

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