The Hindu – August 8, 2018

//The Hindu – August 8, 2018

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The Hindu – August 8, 2018

  1. Karunanidhi, five-time Tamil Nadu Chief Minister and DMK president for nearly 50 years, died at 6.10 p.m. on Tuesday after battling infection and age-related ailments for 11 days at the Kauvery Hospital in Chennai. Affectionately called Kalaignar (artiste and man of letters), he was 94.
  • Karunanidhi secured the right for Chief Ministers to hoist the national flag on Independence Day.


  1. Justice K.M. Joseph, who as Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court set aside the Centre’s decision to impose President’s Rule in the State in 2016, was sworn in as a judge of the Supreme Court on August 7, 2018.


  1. The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) has called for transforming heritage buildings in Rajasthan into “economic assets” for the society. Economic benefits could be derived from these properties as an alternative to paying for their upkeep on a regular basis.
  • INTACH chairman Maj. Gen. (Retd.) L.K. Gupta


  1. Haryana government will give land free of cost to ‘gurukuls’ which provide free education to children, Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar.


  1. The Odisha Human Rights Commission has asked the State government to consider opening dedicated wards for destitute people and make all services available to them in all medical college hospitals.


  1. Kannada writer, poet, critic and translator Sumatheendra R. Nadig, 83, passed away on August 7, 2018 after a brief illness.


  1. Three years of data from Gorakhpur’s Baba Raghav Das (BRD) Medical College has confirmed that the majority of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) patients admitted to the hospital between August and October each year have scrub typhus.


  • Scrub Typhus is an acute illness caused by a bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected mite larva present in the soil.


  1. Foreigners no longer need a Restricted Areas Permit to visit 29 inhabited islands in the Andaman and Nicobar chain. The Union Home Ministry decided on August 7, 2018 to lift restrictions as the government intends to boost tourism.
  • The 29 inhabited islands have been excluded from the restricted area permit (RAP) notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, till December 31, 2022, subject to certain conditions.
  • However, citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and foreign nationals having their origin in these countries would continue to require RAP to visit the Union Territory.


  1. The Bihar Cabinet on Tuesday approved a proposal to increase the legislators developmental fund to ₹3 crore annually from existing ₹2 crore.


  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked BJP MPs to observe a “social justice fortnight” from August 15 to 30 this year and a “social justice week” from August 1 to 9 every year to mark the passage of a Bill that grants constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes, and the likely passage of the SC/ST Bill this week in the Rajya Sabha. The SC/ST Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on August 6, 2018.


  1. With the swearing-in of Justice Indira Banerjee, the Supreme Court on August 7, 2018, for the first time in its history, has three sitting women judges.


  • Justice Banerjee was sworn in by Chief Justice Dipak Misra along with Justices Vineet Saran and K.M. Joseph.
  • The two other women judges are Justices R. Banumathi and Indu Malhotra, the first Supreme Court woman judge who was directly appointed from the Bar.
  • Justice Banerjee is the eighth woman judge in the Supreme Court since Independence. Among the three sitting women judges, Justice Banumathi is the seniormost.


  1. The government on August 7, 2018 introduced four Bills seeking to amend the Goods and Services Tax (GST) laws that will make return forms simpler and raise the turnover threshold for availing composition scheme to ₹1.5 crore.
  • Finance Minister Piyush Goyal said the amendment Bills — the Central GST (Amendment) Bill, the Integrated GST (Amendment) Bill, the GST (Compensation to States) Amendment Bill and the Union Territory GST (Amendment) Bill — were primarily aimed at helping the MSME sector and small traders.


  1. S. President Donald Trump re-imposed unilateral sanctions on Iran.


  1. Ola is set to enter the U.K. market as the Indian ride-hailing app operator steps up competition with rival Uber. Ola, which had obtained a license to operate in South Wales and Greater Manchester, said it would start operations within the next month. The start-up hopes to expand across the rest of the U.K. by year end.
  • Ola is backed by Japan’s SoftBank Group.


  1. 18th Asian Games – The 2018 Asian Games, officially known as the 18th Asian Games and also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018.
  • Opening ceremony‎: ‎18 August
  • Closing ceremony‎: ‎2 September
  • Host nation: Indonesia
  • The 2022 Asian Games, also known as XIX Asiad, will be a multi-sport event celebrated in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China from September 10 to 25, 2022. Hangzhou will be the third Chinese city to host the Asian Games, after Beijing 1990 and Guangzhou 2010.


  1. 2020 Summer Olympics
  • Host city: Tokyo, Japan
  • Opening ceremony: 24 July 2020
  • Closing ceremony: 9 August 2020
  • Hundreds of thousands of 2020 athletes, staff and reporters will be scanned by cutting-edge facial recognition technology in an Olympic Games first.


  1. Brexit
  • Brexit is the impending withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. In a referendum on 23 June 2016, 51.9% of the participating UK electorate voted to leave the EU; the turnout was 72.2%.



  1. Lamarckian inheritance
  • Biology
  • This refers to the hypothesis that an organism can pass on the different characteristics that it acquired during its own lifetime to its offspring. It is argued that the various changes that happen to the body of an organism in order to enable it to adapt to changes in its environment can actually be passed on to its offspring. The Lamarckian inheritance of acquired characteristics, apart from Darwin’s famous theory of natural selection, has been used to explain the natural process of evolution of species. It is named after French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.


  1. Things to Remember:
  • Chief Election Commissioner of India – O.P Rawat
  • Tripura Chief Minister – Biplab Kumar Deb
  • J&K Governor – N.N. Vohra
  • United States Ambassador to India – Kenneth I. Juster


  1. Abbreviations:
  • NGT – National Green Tribunal
  • LRMRASW – Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance Anti-Submarine Warfare
  • ASW – Anti-Submarine Warfare
  • NSQR – Naval Staff Quality Requirements


  1. Improve your Vocabulary:
  • Mourning
    • NOUN


  • Meaning 1 – The expression of sorrow for someone’s death.
  • Example Sentence – ‘she’s still in mourning after the death of her husband’
  • Synonyms: grief, grieving, sorrowing, lamentation, lament, keening, wailing, weeping



  • Meaning 2 – Black clothes worn as an expression of sorrow when someone dies.
  • Example Sentence – ‘if he dies, she’ll put on mourning but she won’t cry’
  • Synonyms: black clothes, black