The Hindu – August 7, 2018

//The Hindu – August 7, 2018

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The Hindu – August 7, 2018

  1. Three-judge SC Bench to hear Article 35A issue
  • The Bench, led by Chief Justice Misra and comprises of Justice A.M. Khanwilkar and Justice D.Y. Chandrachud.

 

  1. In Rajasthan, the name of a village called ‘Miyon ka Bara’ was officially changed to ‘Mahesh Nagar’

 

  1. Indra Krishnamurthy Nooyi will step down as the CEO of PepsiCo after 12 years in the position.

 

  1. The Delhi Legislative Assembly on August 6, 2018 adopted a resolution seeking a separate Public Service Commission for the Capital. The resolution directed the government to take all necessary steps to complete the process of setting up such a commission within a period of six weeks so that the ‘deficiency’’ in providing services in sectors ranging from education, health, environment or other sectors becomes a ‘thing of the past’.

 

  1. The Central government has asked telecom service providers to explore possible ways to block mobile applications such as Facebook and WhatsApp “as per the provisions of the Information Technology Act, 2000”.

 

  1. Punjab Health Minister Brahm Mohindra on August 6, 2018 flagged off five vans to make people aware about the State’s de-addiction programme. These vans would provide information about treatment facilities and the ill-effects of drugs.

 

  1. P. Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu unveiled what is being claimed as the world’s first ingeniously made high energy storage device developed by the Bharat Energy Storage Technology Private Limited in Amaravati on Monday. The device is expected to power a bunch of households.

 

  1. Agriculture Minister P. Srinivas Reddy has said that a total of 27 lakh farmers in Telangana would be given life insurance bonds between August 6 and 13. The scheme would come into effect from August 14 midnight, he said, launching the bonds delivery programme at Jukkaldan tribal hamlet in Banswada division on August 6, 2018.

 

  1. The Jatayu sculpture at the Jatayu Earth Center in Kollam, Kerala, said to be world’s largest bird sculpture, will be inaugurated on August 17 by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan. Designed by Rajiv Anchal, it is built on a massive rock called Jatayupara.

 

  1. Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura have emerged as the new hotspots for HIV, according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • In four sites in Mizoram and one in Tripura, HIV prevalence was higher among IDUs, which for the rest of the country is 6.3%. At least in three places at Aizwal, Champhai and Kolasib, the prevalence of HIV in IDUs was 37.44%, 33.06% and 38.14% respectively.
  • The HIV Sentinel Surveillance (HSS), a biennial study conducted by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), is one of the largest regular studies in the world dealing with HIV in high risk groups of the population.
  • Abbreviation – National AIDS Research Institute (NARI)

 

  1. The National Green Tribunal on August 6, 2018 constituted a committee, to be headed by a former Allahabad High Court judge, for monitoring the rejuvenation project of Ganga from Haridwar to Unnao in Uttar Pradesh.

 

  1. Small shops, basements, tin sheds and godowns. These are not random workplaces but places where private Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are running in the country. Disturbing facts such as these come from the report of the Standing Committee on Labour (2017-18) headed by Bharatiya Janata Party MP Kirit Somaiya, on the “Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Skill Development Initiative Scheme” of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • The ITIs were initiated in the 1950s. In a span of 60 years, until 2007, around 1,896 public and 2,000 private ITIs were set up. However, in a 10-year period from 2007, more than 9,000 additional private ITIs were accredited.
  • The ITIs are not alone. The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) today has more than 6,000 private training centres.
  • Private-ITI accreditation troubles started when the Quality Council of India (QCI), a private body, was hired due to “high workload of affiliation and shortage of [government] staff”. The QCI did not follow accreditation norms created by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and it appears that neither scale nor standard was achieved, but only speed.
  • Abbreviations – NILERD (National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development)

 

  1. August 8 marks the 30th anniversary of the people’s uprising in Myanmar. The ‘8888’ uprising (or the eighth day of August 1988) is one of Myanmar’s most important historic days in the context of the pro-democracy movement.
  • ‘8888’ was a people’s movement that challenged the then ruling Burma Socialist Programme Party’s grip on political, economic and social affairs which led the country into extreme poverty.
  • Interestingly, both Myanmar’s President Win Myint and Ms. Suu Kyi were political prisoners in the aftermath of the 1988 uprising.
  • The objective of ‘8888’ was two-fold: to push for the transfer of power from the military to a civilian leadership and a change in the political system from an authoritarian regime to a multi-party democracy.

 

  1. ACAA Act – Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya (ACAA) Act, 1993

 

  1. European Union – The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market,[14] enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade,[15] agriculture,[16] fisheries and regional development.
  • Currently, there are 28 member countries of the EU.
  • The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 28 EU countries of the EU. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone.

 

  1. Paradox of skill – This refers to a phenomenon where investors’ success is determined increasingly just by random luck even if their skill levels increase over time. This is because, even as the absolute skill level of most investors increases over time, the relative difference in their skill sets tends to become narrower over the same period. So, as investors with largely similar skill sets end up competing against each other, the success of these investors becomes largely random in nature. The concept was proposed by American investor Michael J. Mauboussin in his 2012 book The Success Equation.

 

  1. The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha will be elected on August 9.
  • The post had fallen vacant after P.J. Kurien retired on June 30.

 

  1. ​Rajinder Kumar Dhawan, former Congress MP and personal secretary to Indira Gandhi when she was Prime Minister, died in a private hospital in Delhi on August 6, 2018.

 

  1. The Elections Commission of the Maldives in June announced that the presidential electionwill be held on September 23, 2018.

 

  1. Saudi Arabia said on August 6, 2018 that it was expelling the Canadian Ambassador and recalling its own envoy while freezing all new trade, in retaliation for Ottawa’s vigorous calls for the release of jailed activists.

 

  1. Indian tourists visiting Sri Lanka may soon be exempted from visa requirement as the government is mulling granting visa-free entry to visitors from countries like India and China, Tourism Minister John Amaratunga said on August 6, 2018.

 

  1. The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to discontinue the issuance of Letters of Undertaking (LoU) and Letters of Credit (LoC) for trade credit was a “knee-jerk reaction” to the Punjab National Bank fraud case and the facility should be restored at the earliest, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Commerce said in a report tabled in the Rajya Sabha on August 6, 2018.

 

  1. India notched up one of its most memorable football triumphs when the country’s under-20 team stunned traditional giant Argentina 2-1 despite being reduced to 10 men in a pulsating contest at the COTIF Cup.
  • Indian Team’s Captain – Amarjit Singh Kiyam.
  • Venue – Spain

 

  1. Justin Thomas, limbering up for his PGA Championship title defence, fired a one-under par 69 on August 5, 2018 to win the WGC Bridgestone Invitational golf by four strokes.

 

  1. Swastika Ghosh claimed the junior girls’ doubles bronze along with Singapore’s Jingyi Zhou in the 2018 Hang Seng Hong Kong junior and cadet Open table tennis tournament last week. The pair lost to Li Lin Jassy Tan of Singapore and Ruei Ling Wen of Taipei in the semifinals.

 

  1. Google on August 6, 2018 launched the latest version of its Android operating system — Android Pie, that promises to make smartphones ‘smarter’ and make it much simpler to navigate the smartphone.

 

  1. Vigyan Prasar, under the guidance of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) has launched India Science (indiascience.in), an Internet-based science channel, to showcase the developments in science and technology, particularly from research institutions and laboratories based in India.

 

  1. China on August 6, 2018 announced that it has successfully tested its first hypersonic aircraft which could carry nuclear warheads and penetrate any current generation anti-missile defence systems, seen as a breakthrough in developing weapons.
  • The Xingkong-2 or Starry Sky-2, was launched in a target range located in Northwest China on August 3, the state-run China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics.

 

  1. Things to remember:
  • Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister – N. Chandrababu Naidu
  • Chief Minister of Kerela – Pinarayi Vijayan
  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister – Yogi Adityanath
  • Full form of UIDAI – Unique Identification Authority of India
  • Rajya Sabha Chairman – M. Venkaiah Naidu (Vice – President of India)
  • Goa Chief Minister – Manohar Parrikar (He’s is also former Defence Minister in Modi Cabinet)
  • Prime Minister of Sri Lanka – Ranil Wickremesinghe

 

  1. Improve your Vocabulary:
  • Verb: Reminisce;
  • Meaning – indulge in enjoyable recollection of past events.
  • “they reminisced about their summers abroad”
  • synonyms: remember (with pleasure), cast one’s mind back to, think back to, look back on, be nostalgic about, hark back to, recall, recollect, reflect on, call to mind, review